Earthly Matters: Climate Smart Agriculture

Jan 25th, 2015 | By

For a water stressed agro-based country like Pakistan, climate-smart agriculture is the need of the hour. Today, Pakistan is just about self-sufficient in food production as agricultural areas have expanded and yields increased although distribution is a problem. But in the near future, experts like Dr Mac Kirby of the Australian government’s aid programme say

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Climate’s Threat to Wheat is Rising by Degrees

Jan 19th, 2015 | By

Climate change threatens dramatic price fluctuations in the price of wheat and potential civil unrest because yields of one of the world’s most important staple foods are badly affected by temperature rise. An international consortium of scientists have been testing wheat crops in laboratory and field trials in many areas of the world in changing

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Revisiting Mountain Perspective: Reasons And Challenges

Jan 19th, 2015 | By
Van Mundoli in Chamoli-Photo Samvedi Dehradun-1

K N Vajpai: This article is in the series of responses to an article on ‘Mountain Perspective’ at Link. It looks in to the aspects of mountain perspective and specificities as mentioned by Dr. N. S. Jodha during 1992s, and compares them in present  context. However, there are a number of doubts upon the relevance

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Scientists Concerned Over Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture

Jan 15th, 2015 | By

Scientists and researchers struck a note of concern over the projected impact of climate change on Indian agriculture, especially coastal areas, and livestock at the just-concluded international conference on Bio-resource and Stress Management here. Laxman Singh Rathore, Director-General, Indian Meteorological Department, set the tone for the discussions by pointing out that mean warming in India

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Scientists to Help Ganges Rice Farmers Handle Climate Threat

Jan 13th, 2015 | By

Research scientists are coming to the aid of 300 million people along the River Ganges who face a hungry future because their staple rice crop is threatened by climate change. The team of scientists and development practitioners from Australia, Bangladesh, India and Nepal plan to improve the productivity, profitability and sustainability of 7,000 small-scale farmers

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Chinese Case

Jan 5th, 2015 | By

Nepali agriculture is still traditional, which is why productivity is so low. Most farmers grow crops and keep livestock for their own livelihood. Rarely do they adopt technology. Under such conditions, Nepal’s institutional capacity in agricultural research and extension is unable to transform traditional agriculture into competitive commercial production system. Nepali farmers can learn from

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Climate’s Impact on Agriculture Could Lead to Calamity

Dec 24th, 2014 | By

New research predicts that climate change will transform agriculture, with a drop in yields of up to 18% by 2050 in terms of calories harvested. By then, the global population will have risen by more than 18%, so the consequences could be calamitous. That’s the worst projected outcome. By the same date, the researchers say, yields

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Apple Growers Shifting to Peach, Plum

Dec 22nd, 2014 | By

Tribune News Service: Climate changes such as less snowfall and temperature fluctuations seem to be taking their toll on apple production in Uttarakhand. Apple farmers in the higher reaches of the state are shifting to other fruits such as peach and plum that require lesser cold conditions. More than 98 per cent of the country’s

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China’s Farmers Face Major Challenges Adapting to Climate Change

Dec 21st, 2014 | By

China’s mainly small-scale agricultural sector, where the average farm is less than a hectare, needs significant investment and capacity building to adapt to climate change. In an interview with chinadialogue, Xu Yinlong, who is a member of the Scientific Steering Committee leading UNEP’s ‘Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation’, explains the government’s

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How Will Climate Change Transform Agriculture? 20 Hours Ago

Dec 19th, 2014 | By

Climate change impacts will require major but very uncertain transformations of global agriculture systems by mid-century, according to new research from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Climate change will require major transformations in agricultural systems, including increased irrigation and moving production from one region to another, according to the new study, published in

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Climate Change Centre to Help Farmers Adapt to New Challenges

Nov 13th, 2014 | By

Dawn: The University of Agriculture Peshawar has recently established the Climate Change Centre to conduct studies and research on climate change and cope with the challenges posed by changing weather patterns. “Climate change is defining human development challenges of our time because the earth’s climate is changing and its manifestation is changes in weather systems,

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Pakistan Faces Major Risks From Climate Change: PARC

Nov 11th, 2014 | By

The agriculture sector of Pakistan has still the potential to push the economy upwards, said Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) founding chairman Dr Amir Muhammed who is also Rector of FAST. He was speaking as chief gust on the occasion of inaugural session of a seminar on “Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Pakistan:

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Rising Temperatures Threaten Farm Output

Oct 27th, 2014 | By
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Temperatures will go up and the productivity of farmlands will come down in future. This could lead to a food crisis, warned the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) fifth assessment report. With increasing temperatures IPCC has also cautioned that in the rice bowls of South India heat stress on the rice crop is

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Climate Change May Hit Rice Yields in Asia: IPCC Report

Oct 19th, 2014 | By

The Hindu: Rural poverty in parts of Asia could be exacerbated due to negative impacts from climate change on rice production, and a general increase in food prices and the cost of living, says the report of working group two of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report. Launched on Thursday, the

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Tackling the Water-energy-food Nexus Without Reinventing the Wheel

Oct 9th, 2014 | By

The water, energy and food (WEF) nexus has become a key concept for understanding the complexities of and interdependencies among the water, energy and agricultural sectors. It has become so key that this year’s World Water Week, organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) in September, was centred around this theme. Given the known

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National Agricultural Economy Facing Climate Change Risks: Experts

Sep 25th, 2014 | By

Senior Environmental experts said on Wednesday that national agricultural economy was being affected by five major risks related to climate change. Talking to APP senior researcher, Kashif Salik working with Sustainable Policy Development Institute (SDPI) said that being a predominantly agricultural economy, climate change is estimated to decrease crop yields in Pakistan not only as

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What Are the Implications of Climate Change for Agriculture?

Sep 9th, 2014 | By

According to an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change briefing Understanding Climate Science: Climate Change Implications for Agriculture without adaptation, climate change is projected to reduce production for local temperature increases of 2°C or more (above late-20th-century levels) up to 2050, although individual locations may benefit. After 2050, the risk of more severe yield impacts increases

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India’s Smog Destroyed Enough Crops In A Year To Feed 94 Million People: Study

Sep 7th, 2014 | By
Foggy Weather In Delhi/NCR

India’s smog problem could be preventing tens of millions of the country’s poorest people from getting the food they desperately need. According to a new study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, ground-level ozone, the main component of smog, damages about 6.7 million tons of India’s staple crops, including wheat and rice, in a single

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Climate Change: Bhutan Farms Face Growing Dangers

Aug 31st, 2014 | By

One of the most picturesque scenes from Bhutan is that of the snow-fed Phochu (male river) and Mochu (female river) merging to form the Punatsangchu. Thousands of padi farmers live in the fertile Punakha-Wangdue Phodrang valley, the rice bowl of western Bhutan. The peaceful, rustic image it presents is postcard pretty, but it also belies

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Future Crop Production Threatened by Extreme Heat

Aug 21st, 2014 | By

Climate change impacts on crop production are complex and diverse. Their assessment is challenging as the impacts result from a variety of biotic and abiotic stressors (and their interactions), diverse crop responses to stress, as well as farmers’ management adaptations made in response to changing socio-economic and climatic conditions. Further, farmers’ adaptations produce their own

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New Seeds of Hope for Nepal’s Farmers

Jul 30th, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: Farmers badly affected by changing weather patterns in South Asia now have the opportunity to improve food security by planting new varieties of rice capable of withstanding the impact of both severe droughts and floods. This is particularly good news for countries such as Nepal, where around 65% of its more than 26

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Rising Heat Hits Indian Wheat Crop

Jul 29th, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: Researchers in the UK have established a link between changing climate and agriculture that could have significant consequences for food supplies in South Asia. They have found evidence of a relationship between rising average temperatures in India and reduced wheat production, which was increasing until about a decade ago but has now stopped.

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Temperature Rise Affecting India’s Wheat Production: Study

Jul 24th, 2014 | By

IANS: The recent rise in temperatures is taking a toll on India’s wheat production, an alarming study by geographers at the University of Southampton in Britain said. A rise in night time temperatures is negatively affecting crop yield the most, the findings showed. “Our findings highlight the vulnerability of India’s wheat production system to temperature rise,

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Government, IFAD Join Hands

Jul 18th, 2014 | By

The government has joined hands with the International Fund for Agricultural Development ( IFAD ) for the implementation of $37.6-million “ Adaptation for Smallholders in Hilly Areas ” (ASHA) programme for a new six-year period (2015-2018). The project aims at reducing climate change risks and vulnerabilities, and raising the resilience of smallholder farmers, strengthen the framework for local-level climate

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Indigenous Mountain Farmers Unite on Climate Change

Jul 16th, 2014 | By

SciDev.Net: Farmers from 25 indigenous mountain communities in ten countries have come together to share traditional knowledge that could help them to mitigate climate change and to lobby governments for greater recognition of their unique knowledge. The International Network of Mountain Indigenous Peoples was formed at a workshop in Bhutan last month (26 May-1 June). It includes communities from Bhutan, China, India,

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10 things You Need to Know About Sustainable Agriculture

Jul 2nd, 2014 | By

The Guardian: In a recent live chat, a panel of experts joined readers online to discuss the future of sustainable agriculture in the face of changing weather driven by climate change and increasing competition for food. Here are 10 things we learned: 1. We shouldn’t just “accept” climate change Just because climate change is happening and its

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Here Comes Climate-smart Paddy

Jul 1st, 2014 | By

Republica: The negligible rainfall even one week after the officially announced arrival of the monsoon has not bothered the farmers of Sonpur VDC in Siraha district. They are busy planting the paddy in their parched land with no trace of anxiety — thanks to the new climate-smart paddy species that can resist adverse climate and yet

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Government to Pump Nu 2.2 Bn in Irrigation

Jun 29th, 2014 | By

Recognising that climate change is altering weather patterns, which in turn affect crop production in Bhutan, specifically paddy cultivation, the government will invest Nu 2.2B into irrigation in the next five years. Monsoon rains arriving later, and ending sooner than usual, is disrupting crop production and farm productivity, which, in Bhutan, mostly means rice. In

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India and China Farmers Back New Climate Adaptation Alliance

Jun 27th, 2014 | By

A network of 25 indigenous communities from 10 countries has come together to share traditional knowledge on how to adapt to climate change. Countries in the network include China, Peru, Bhutan, Kyrgyzstan, India, Tajikistan and Papua New Guinea. Seed sharing between the groups will ensure that farmers grow crops that are resilient and diverse enough to withstand

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‘There’s Food Shortage in Sindh But no Policy to Fix It’

Jun 27th, 2014 | By

Tribune: More than 71% of Sindh’s population does not have enough food to eat even though nearly 14 million acres are being cultivated for crops. This food storage has caused Oxfam, Pakistan Fisher Folk (PFF) and others to put their heads together and do something. On Thursday, they launched a campaign, ‘Harvesting Food Security and Justice

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Asda Warns Climate Change Will Hit 95% of Fresh Food Supplies

Jun 13th, 2014 | By

Global warming is likely to make sourcing large supplies of fresh fruit and vegetables harder and more expensive, says leading supermarket chain Asda. It says 95% of its fresh produce would be affected by projections of longer summers, heavier rainfall and more extreme weather events. While the impacts of climate change may be relatively small

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Bangladeshi Farmers Caught in Row Over $600,000 GM Aubergine Trial

Jun 8th, 2014 | By
Bt brinjals on the market without label in Jamalpur , Bangladesh

The Guardian: Farmers growing a landmark genetically modified food crop in Bangladesh – Bt brinjal, or aubergine – have found themselves at the centre of a power struggle between the government and activists trying to prevent the technology getting a hold in the region. The growers say they have been subjected to intimidation and misinformation about the safety of

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Changing Crops With Changing Climate: Can Pakistan Learn From Nepal?

Jun 6th, 2014 | By

Dawn: With no irrigation canal near her village, she says, she would just sit back after the sowing and wait for the rains. In a good year she earned as much as 15,000 Nepali rupees (PKR 15,834). That year, Draupadi turned her paddy into a banana plantation. “Climate induced her to change,” says Atiq Rahman, executive

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Europe Faces Cereals Crop Crash

Jun 2nd, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: Harvests of wheat and barley across Europe could be 20% lower by 2040 as average temperatures rise by 2°C. And by 2060, European farmers could be facing very serious losses. As the likelihood of weather extremes increases with temperature, the consequences of lower yields will be felt around the world. Europe produces, for

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Study Shows Importance of European Farmers Adapting to Climate Change

May 23rd, 2014 | By

A new Stanford study finds that due to an average 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit of warming expected by 2040, yields of wheat and barley across Europe will drop more than 20 percent. New Stanford research reveals that farmers in Europe will see crop yields affected as global temperatures rise, but that adaptation can help slow the decline for

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Potatoes Pioneer Crops Swap Trail

May 22nd, 2014 | By

A warming climate may confront any of us with unfamiliar problems. The upside, though, is that people half a world away from each other may already have some answers. Small-scale farmers on two continents – from Yunnan in China and from Bhutan and Peru − are now working together to help their communities to adapt to

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Agriculture Must Get Climate Smart

May 19th, 2014 | By

With the Indian Met department having recently warned of weak monsoons this year due to the El Nino effect, there will be serious implications on agricultural production and food prices. More than 60% of the area under cropping in India is rain-fed. Low and erratic monsoon will severely affect the livelihood of those dependent on

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Farmers Skeptical About Validity of Climate Change

May 11th, 2014 | By

The recently released National Climate Assessment, reported by a team of 300 experts, including a panel from the National Academy of Sciences, asserts that climate change is already impacting the United States, and that the warming of the past 50 years is “primarily due to human-induced emissions of heat-trapping gases.” Ask American farmers about climate change

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An Amazing World Beneath Your Feet

May 9th, 2014 | By

We walk over a unique world of biodiversity. We construct our houses, villages, towns, cities, roads, rails, airports, over an ‘invisible’ and amazing world which is far more diverse, healthier, vibrant, active, and more sustainable than what we make above it. Our visible world is rooted in this invisible world. Our own existence, dreams,happiness, and

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CO2 ‘Significantly Reduces’ Nutrients in Major Food Crops

May 8th, 2014 | By

BBC News: Experiments show levels of zinc, iron and protein are likely to be reduced by up to 10% in wheat and rice by 2050. The scientists say this could have health implications for billions of people, especially in the developing world. The report has been published in the journal Nature. Researchers have struggled over the past two

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Climate Change Causes Hazards to Farmers

Apr 21st, 2014 | By

Mr. Adam Imoro, District Chief Executive (DCE) for East Mamprusi, has indicated that Climate Change poses serious business risks to farmers, especially those in the North. He pointed out that Climate Change was a serious threat to farming activities, with the potential of impacting negatively on businesses of the private sector and the socio-economic development

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Global Warming, Rising Costs Hurting Indian Tea Growers

Apr 14th, 2014 | By
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India produces one-third of the world’s total tea production. And now tea growers in India are suffering, thanks to changes in temperature and rainfall caused by climate change. Consider the north-eastern states (one of the largest tea-growing regions), for instance. Temperatures in the region have gone up, dry spells are now longer and rainfall patterns

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Farmers Schooled on Climate Change Adaptation

Apr 10th, 2014 | By

Some 3,000 smallholder farmers from 16 communities in the Upper East, Upper West and the Northern regions have benefited from a training programme on climate change adaptation measures. The training was in a form of community durbars and radio discussions, sponsored by Oxfam-Ghana to ensure that the farmers adhered to best farming practices by adapting

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Rising Carbon Dioxide Level Affecting Food Quality

Apr 8th, 2014 | By

Press Trust of India: Rising carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere is lowering protein in key dietary crops which may affect the nutritious value of foods, a new study has warned. For the first time, a field test has demonstrated that elevated levels of carbon dioxide inhibit plants’ assimilation of nitrate into proteins, indicating that the

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Can Our Agriculture Tackle Climate Change?

Apr 8th, 2014 | By

India has long been regarded a ‘climate change hotspot’, and the subcontinent is at the forefront of the worst impacts in terms of human livelihood and food security. Given that 70 per cent of our arable land is estimated to be prone to drought, 12 per cent to floods and 8 per cent to cyclones,

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Farmers Need To Get ‘Climate Smart’ To Prep For What’s Ahead

Apr 4th, 2014 | By

The planet’s top experts on global warming released their latest predictions this week for how rising temperatures will change our lives, and in particular, what they mean for the production of food. The report, sadly, is massive and excruciatingly hard to digest. Our hats go off to the good folks at the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

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Commercialisation of 30 GM Cotton, Corn/Maize Varieties Against Rules

Mar 31st, 2014 | By

Dawn: The approved varieties of Bt (or genetically modified) cotton seeds contain such low levels of poison that not only do not kill pests that destroy crop production but also build resistance in worms, impacting biodiversity and human health. It may be noted that Pakistan does not have bio-safety laws, independent laboratories and trained staff to

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Why Climate Change is Bad News for India Tea Producers

Mar 28th, 2014 | By

BBC News: Growing India’s famed Assam tea now costs more and is becoming increasingly challenging because of changing weather, experts have said. They say coping with the changes in temperature and rainfall have meant added expenses to maintain production. But they cannot raise their tea price because of market competition. India is one of the world’s

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Crop Adaptation Seen as Key to Cope with Global Warming

Mar 26th, 2014 | By

Adapting crops to resist the onslaught of global warming is one of the key themes of the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which opened a general meeting in Yokohama on Tuesday. In many parts of Japan, researchers are working to develop new varieties and cultivation methods to cope with heat waves and other

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Heat Extremes Threaten Crop Yields

Mar 21st, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: Rampant climate change driven by ever-rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere poses a serious threat to world food supply, according to a new study in Environmental Research Letters. The hazard comes not from high average temperatures, but the likelihood of heat extremes at times when crops are most sensitive to stress. And the

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Heatwaves Could Threaten Food Crops, Study Warns

Mar 20th, 2014 | By

The Guardian: Future heatwaves could threaten key global food crops if climate change is not addressed, according to a British study. Researchers came to the conclusion after estimating the effects of extreme temperatures and raised carbon dioxide levels on maize, wheat and soybean production. While more C02 in the atmosphere may boost plant growth, this effect is

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Climate Change Will Reduce Crop Yields Sooner Than Thought

Mar 17th, 2014 | By

Global warming of only 2 degrees Celsius will be detrimental to crops in temperate and tropical regions, researchers have determined, with reduced yields from the 2030s onwards. In the study, the researchers created a new data set by combining and comparing results from 1,700 published assessments of the response that climate change will have on

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High Temperature, Climatic Changes to Affect Coffee Output

Mar 13th, 2014 | By

Business Standard: Changing climatic conditions and rising global temperatures is likely to affect world coffee production in the coming years. The threat is significantly higher in arabica coffee, which requires specific ecological and meteorological conditions in order to produce quality beans, said theInternational Coffee Organisation (ICO). Arabica coffee requires an optimum mean temperature range of 15 to 23 degrees Celsius. “A

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NA Likely to Pass Law on Copy Right of New Crop Varieties

Mar 11th, 2014 | By

The Nation: Senate Standing Committee on National Food Security and Research (NFS&R) Chairman Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah has said that National Assembly might pass a law regarding copy rights of new crop varieties. While addressing National Seminar on “Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Livestock; Challenges and Opportunities” he said, “There is not any Copyright

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Farming on Sand

Mar 10th, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: The holes are dug laboriously in the dusty, sandy soil. Krishna Maya Sharma stops her work to wipe the sweat from her lined face. “In the old days we would plant paddy here and have enough to sell at market” says Krishna, a 42 year old mother of six children. “Now the soil

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Climate Change Pushes Indian Farmers To Adopt Water-Resistant Rice Variety

Mar 6th, 2014 | By

Joyram Das, a poor Indian farmer of Kamrup district of Assam, has collected a few kilograms of Swarna Sub-1 (SS-1) rice seeds very carefully. Farmers call it ‘Kothia’ to be used as seed for next cultivation season that usually starts from April-May. He had a good harvest last year. Despite a devastating flood, this particular

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Crop Diversity Decline ‘Threatens Food Security’

Mar 4th, 2014 | By

BBC News: Fewer crop species are feeding the world than 50 years ago – raising concerns about the resilience of the global food system, a study has shown. The authors warned a loss of diversity meant more people were dependent on key crops, leaving them more exposed to harvest failures. Higher consumption of energy-dense crops could

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Climate Change Creating Further Complications For Nepal’s Mountain Farmers

Mar 2nd, 2014 | By

With little or no support from authorities, mountain farmers of Nepal have been using traditional knowledge to come up with temporary home-grown solutions while combating climate change problems. While some of their ideas have worked, others have not been adequate to protect their crops from unpredictable changes in weather. Some farmers have had to abandon

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IYFF: Climate-Smart Villages Will Help Farmers Adapt to Climate Change

Feb 25th, 2014 | By

Smallholder farmers in Nepal will have the opportunity to learn how to adopt climate-smart agricultural and farming techniques through the climate-smart village models pioneered in South Asia by the Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). The project features a collaboration between the private sector and research and development organizations to link smallholder farmers to

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Kenyan Farmers Earn First Ever Carbon Credits From Sustainable Agriculture

Feb 9th, 2014 | By

Climate Action Programme: The Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project (KACP) involves 60,000 farmers and covers approximately 45,000 hectares to support farming that is more sustainable and climate-friendly. Farmers are now using a wide range of methods to increase the organic matter in soils which should improve the water absorption of soil, nutrient supply and biodiversity, and help prevent erosion.

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