Vulnerability

Climate Change Could Impact the Poor Much More Than Previously Thought

Jan 26th, 2015 | By
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It’s widely accepted that climate change will have bigger negative impacts on poorer countries than wealthy ones. However, a new economic modeling study finds that the economic impacts on these poorer countries could be much larger than previous estimates. As a result, they suggest that we should be aiming to limit global warming to near,

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Scientists Say Rise in Sea Levels is Faster Than Feared

Jan 22nd, 2015 | By
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Sea level rise for most of the 20th century may have been over-estimated by as much as 30%. But the less welcome news is that, if that’s the case, then sea levels since 1990 have started to accelerate more sharply than anyone had ever expected. Scientists at Harvard University, in the US, report in the

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Climate’s Threat to Wheat is Rising by Degrees

Jan 19th, 2015 | By
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Climate change threatens dramatic price fluctuations in the price of wheat and potential civil unrest because yields of one of the world’s most important staple foods are badly affected by temperature rise. An international consortium of scientists have been testing wheat crops in laboratory and field trials in many areas of the world in changing

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Revisiting Mountain Perspective: Reasons And Challenges

Jan 19th, 2015 | By
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K N Vajpai: This article is in the series of responses to an article on ‘Mountain Perspective’ at Link. It looks in to the aspects of mountain perspective and specificities as mentioned by Dr. N. S. Jodha during 1992s, and compares them in present  context. However, there are a number of doubts upon the relevance

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Graphic Clearly Shows Human Pressure on Earth Reaching Critical Level

Jan 16th, 2015 | By




Using 24 key social, economic, and environmental indicators, our friend Félix Pharand-Deschênes has created a dashboard that shows how human pressure on planet Earth is reaching critical level. Fast. The acceleration shown over the last 60 years is absolutely crazy. Zoom in. Freak out. Just look at those curves-some of them exponential. World population and

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Scientists Concerned Over Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture

Jan 15th, 2015 | By




Scientists and researchers struck a note of concern over the projected impact of climate change on Indian agriculture, especially coastal areas, and livestock at the just-concluded international conference on Bio-resource and Stress Management here. Laxman Singh Rathore, Director-General, Indian Meteorological Department, set the tone for the discussions by pointing out that mean warming in India

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Warming Oceans Speeding up Climate Change Cycle

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
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The warming oceans could start to return more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere as the planet warms, according to new research.  And since 70% of the planet is covered by clear blue water, anything that reduces the oceans’ capacity to soak up and sequester carbon could only make climate change more certain and more swift.

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Warming World Already Causing Dramatic Changes, Say Scientists

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By
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Lumberjacks are selecting different trees, US fishermen are sailing further north to catch black sea bass, desert birds are nesting later in California and Arizona, and one kind of wildflower is changing shape in the Rocky Mountains − and all in response to climate change, according to new research. None of these responses is simple,

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Rapid Increase in Arctic Temperature is Spreading South

Dec 25th, 2014 | By
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Climate scientists are confident that the Arctic is warming more than twice as fast as any other part of the planet, but now comes evidence from researchers in Finland that the rising temperatures are being felt further south than the polar regions. Most governments have agreed that the global temperature should not be allowed to

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Apple Growers Shifting to Peach, Plum

Dec 22nd, 2014 | By




Tribune News Service: Climate changes such as less snowfall and temperature fluctuations seem to be taking their toll on apple production in Uttarakhand. Apple farmers in the higher reaches of the state are shifting to other fruits such as peach and plum that require lesser cold conditions. More than 98 per cent of the country’s

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Vulnerable to Climate Change: South Asia at Risk of Food, Water Insecurity

Dec 12th, 2014 | By
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Environment and food security experts have said that better water management is essential to ensure food security in South Asia. They were speaking at a panel on “Water and Food Security in South Asia in the Era of Climate Change” as part of the three-day “Pathways to Sustainable Development” conference, organised by the Sustainable Development

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Biodiversity Protection is Key to REDD+ Success: Study

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
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Protecting biodiversity may be crucial for successfully storing carbon in forests, scientists say. A recent publication on Oryx – The International Journal of Conservation suggests that biodiversity loss –especially through hunting – will hinder the success of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects. As an initiative to combat climate change by storing

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‘They Say That in 30 Years Maybe Kiribati Will Disappear’

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
Batiri Tataio and her grandson Mikaere of Temaiku on South Tarawa, Kiribati




The highest point on South Tarawa, the capital island of Kiribati, survives behind a wall of sandbags and rock. It lies so close to the sea that one of the agile kids who make up almost half the population could leap from the top and land in the water three metres below. Across the Pacific

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Disaster Risk in South Asia

Nov 25th, 2014 | By
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South Asia has 1.7 billion people, of which more than 70 per cent live in poverty. Despite having tremendous natural resource base such as water, minerals, forest, productive fertile land and industrious people, this region remains underdeveloped primarily due to political instability, poor leadership, inability to utilize natural resources at optimum level and frequent disasters.

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Study of Melting Glaciers Worries Meteorologists

Nov 24th, 2014 | By
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Meteorologists worried at the depletion of glaciers in Pakistan studied six glaciers in the Karakorum Range recently, and the results have made them worry even more. “All of them were found melting at a faster rate. The changing climate is taking a heavy toll on our glaciers,” Chief Meteorologist of Pakistan Met Department (PMD) Dr

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Climate Change is Not Just About Science – It’s About the Future We Want to Create

Nov 23rd, 2014 | By
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Next December, 196 nations will meet in Paris to agree a course of action to respond to climate change. They will do so under the auspices of the UN framework convention on climate change. This is an international treaty negotiated at the Earth summit in Rio in 1992 with the objective to “stabilise greenhouse gas

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ASEAN Leaders Urged to Act on Climate Change

Nov 10th, 2014 | By




A coalition of NGOs has warned leaders attending the ASEAN Summit in Myanmar that a year after Typhoon Haiyan struck the region, causing massive destruction and many deaths, things will only get worse unless serious action is taken on climate change. Citing the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the ASEAN

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Millions of Asians Exposed to Big Climate Disasters – Oxfam

Nov 7th, 2014 | By
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(Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Millions of people in Asia, the world’s most disaster-prone region, face the threat of major climate-linked disasters and food crises because government policies fail to protect them, Oxfam warned on Thursday. A year after Typhoon Haiyan wreaked havoc in the Philippines, the aid and development charity warned that governments needed to

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Flooding Could Worsen Pakistan’s Water Shortage, Experts Warn

Nov 4th, 2014 | By
Flood victims sit by a damaged road as they look over floodwaters in Muzzafargarh




(Thomson Reuters Foundation) – In an ironic twist to Pakistan’s struggles with extreme weather, experts warn that the increasingly frequent and intense flooding in the country could lead to catastrophic water shortages. The problem, climate and water experts say, is a worsening lack of groundwater. Groundwater resources, used to supply Pakistan’s growing population with water

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Global Warming: Experts for Immediate Steps to Mitigate Impact

Oct 31st, 2014 | By




Speakers have called for urgent measures to mitigate the impact of global warming that was causing severe environmental disequilibrium and degradation. They were speaking at a pre-congress interactive talk titled “climate change, adaptability and food security”, organised by the Human Resource Development Network (HRDN) at a local hotel on Thursday. Representatives of the United Nations,

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Rising Temperatures Threaten Farm Output

Oct 27th, 2014 | By
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Temperatures will go up and the productivity of farmlands will come down in future. This could lead to a food crisis, warned the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) fifth assessment report. With increasing temperatures IPCC has also cautioned that in the rice bowls of South India heat stress on the rice crop is

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Rising to “the Greatest Challenge in Human History”

Oct 21st, 2014 | By




Different obstacles to food security need different solutions. Experience shows that a combination of actions is needed to reduce hunger and guarantee food security in the longer run. They include shifting towards more sustainable food systems, facilitating access and strengthening social protection. Within this framework, to sustainably rise to “The Greatest Challenge in Human History,”

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Pakistan at War With Climate Change

Oct 19th, 2014 | By




Having faced with problems of war on terror and chronic loadshedding, the incumbent government has to encounter the climate change question mark now. The policy framework, called the National Climate Change Policy, might be seen as reasonable but international cooperation necessary for adjusting to climate change is non-existent. The machinations of the present industrial scenario

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Response to Climate Change Impacts

Oct 13th, 2014 | By
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Dawn: Sensitising participants of the UN Climate Summit in New York last month about how Pakistan is suffering multiple natural disasters, adviser on national security and foreign affairs Sartaj Aziz said his country requires $5bn annually to undertake adaptation measures to fight climate change impacts. At present, Pakistan receives about $3m for a climate adaptation fund

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Dwindling Antarctic Ice Messing With Earth’s Gravity: Blame Climate Change

Oct 5th, 2014 | By
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The Earth’s gravity is messing up and global warming appears to be responsible. The warming climate has caused massive ice loss in West Antarctica in recent years and this phenomenon has caused the Earth’s gravity to be weaker there. The findings were based on measurements made by the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Gravity Field and

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World Wildlife Populations Halved in 40 Years – Report

Sep 30th, 2014 | By
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BBC News: The global loss of species is even worse than previously thought, the London Zoological Society (ZSL) says in its new Living Planet Index. The report suggests populations have halved in 40 years, as new methodology gives more alarming results than in a report two years ago. The report says populations of mammals, birds,

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Faced With Existential Climate Threat, Small Island Nations Sound Climate Alarm at UN

Sep 29th, 2014 | By
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UN News Center: In their addresses to the United Nations General Assembly today, King Tupou IV of Tonga, Fijian Prime Minister Josaia V. Bainimarama, and Prime Minister Enele Sosene Sopoaga of Tuvalu, all reaffirmed their commitment to the fight against climate change and for sustainable development amid growing environmental challenges for small island developing States

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A Himalayan Disaster Awaits India

Sep 22nd, 2014 | By




Many of the 200-odd glacial lakes in Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan are unstable and, in the event of an earthquake in the Himalayas, could burst and cause catastrophe in northern and eastern India. Celebrated mountain climber Maya Sherpa and Nepali environmentalist Kunda Dixit, while sounding this alarm, said that the lakes have been formed by

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Kedarnath to Kashmir, The Tragedy of Development

Sep 16th, 2014 | By
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This week’s flood in Kashmir, the worst in half a century, has left a trail of devastation so extensive that from the aerial pictures it is hard to imagine there was ever life below the watery landscape. With river embankments breached, agriculture eroded, cities flooded, roads and bridges washed away, the flood was too devastating

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Pakistan-India Monsoon Floods: Averting Future Disasters

Sep 13th, 2014 | By
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It makes these annual disasters all the more tragic that for most of the year both countries have little rain. Yet after leaving more than 450 dead and a swathe of destruction on both sides of the border, much of the water dumped on the Kashmir and Punjab regions in the past 10 days will

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What Are the Implications of Climate Change for Agriculture?

Sep 9th, 2014 | By
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According to an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change briefing Understanding Climate Science: Climate Change Implications for Agriculture without adaptation, climate change is projected to reduce production for local temperature increases of 2°C or more (above late-20th-century levels) up to 2050, although individual locations may benefit. After 2050, the risk of more severe yield impacts increases

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No Lessons Learnt in Flood-hit Pakistan

Sep 8th, 2014 | By
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Dawn: Recent monsoon rains and the destruction they have left in their wake in major cities of Punjab provide a grim picture of the inability of urban settlements to cope with intense downpours in a warming world. The television footage showed torrents of water gushing into homes, of people wading in at least four feet of

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New UNEP Report Outlines Blue-Green Economy and Island Innovation Opportunities in Small Island Developing States

Sep 2nd, 2014 | By
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UNEP News Center: Today, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) launched the GEO SIDS Outlook, part of its flagship Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series. The report, based on the findings of a broad range of SIDS scientists, experts and policy makers, provides four integrated themes for action to support SIDS become the environmental economies of the future – building

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On Climate Change, Much Work is Needed to Save Our Globe

Sep 1st, 2014 | By




A crack in a house’s foundation, if not repaired, can continue to grow, ultimately destabilizing the structure and rendering it uninhabitable. Its occupants must then move to another home. But the world’s population cannot move somewhere else. Houses, while not cheap, are replaceable; our planet is not. Climate change, as we have known for years,

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Climate Change: Bhutan Farms Face Growing Dangers

Aug 31st, 2014 | By
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One of the most picturesque scenes from Bhutan is that of the snow-fed Phochu (male river) and Mochu (female river) merging to form the Punatsangchu. Thousands of padi farmers live in the fertile Punakha-Wangdue Phodrang valley, the rice bowl of western Bhutan. The peaceful, rustic image it presents is postcard pretty, but it also belies

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Help Small Island States Win Their Battle Against Climate Change

Aug 29th, 2014 | By
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The Guardian: Many of the planet’s most prized destinations, places considered exquisite and idyllic, where nature seems bountiful and people appear at ease, are under threat. In less than a decade, climate change-induced sea level rise could force thousands of people to migrate from some of the world’s 52 small island developing states (Sids). How

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Climate Crisis Connects Us, Climate Justice Demands Unity

Aug 27th, 2014 | By
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What do rigged corporate trade agreements like the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Paris Treaty, an international climate agreement to be signed in 2015, have in common? They are both tools being pushed by the power elite to rip away our hopes for democracy and to commodify all things to monetize them for profit. It is

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6 Ways Climate Change Threatens Health – and One Way it Probably Doesn’t

Aug 26th, 2014 | By
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And while global warming may mean fewer cold-related deaths in some parts of the world, it is also set to spread exotic diseases to new areas. A major study in the Lancet described climate change as “the biggest global health threat of the 21st century”. The World Health Organization is hosting a global conference on the links between climate

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Small Island States, Facing Rising Seas, Seek Economic Overhaul

Aug 25th, 2014 | By
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Reuters: Small island states facing a “frightening” rise in sea levels will seek investments in everything from solar energy to fisheries to boost their economies at a U.N. summit next week. Leaders will meet in Samoa in the Pacific from Sept. 1-4 to drum up partnerships with companies, development banks and donors on projects that bring in

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No Time to Lose

Aug 25th, 2014 | By
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Republica: In recent weeks, Nepal has confronted alarming floods and landslides. These extreme events have taken hundreds of lives and displaced thousands of others in Tarai and hills. The country continues to face heavy and erratic rainfall, signifying more risks ahead. The distorted monsoon pattern has left many people in a lurch. Given its topography, Nepal already

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Nepal, Maldives & Bhutan Could Lose Around 2% G.D.P. Due to Climate Change – A.D.B. Report

Aug 24th, 2014 | By
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Nepal, the Maldives, and Bhutan could be looking at economic losses of around 2 percent of their annual gross domestic product by 2050 due to climate change, according to Asian Development Bank report. The recently released A.D.B. report, titled “Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia,” found that Nepal, the Maldives,

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‘Poor’ Outlook for Australia’s Great Barrier Reef as Climate Change Threatens

Aug 13th, 2014 | By
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AFP: Climate change remains the most serious threat to the Great Barrier Reef and the outlook for the natural wonder is “poor”, an Australian government report has warned. The World Heritage site on the north-east coast is “under pressure” and its capacity to recover could be weakening, said the report from the Great Barrier Marine Park

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State Climate Action Plans Lack Innovation, Study Finds

Aug 11th, 2014 | By




The Hindu: An analysis of State action plans to combat climate change reveal a lack of innovative approaches and a high variation in budgets apart from the fact that many did not move ahead from the business as usual scenario. However, the exercise in sheer numbers by 27 States is one of the largest sub-national action

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Pakistan’s Coal-based Economy Could Suffer After Climate Deal

Aug 6th, 2014 | By
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Qamar uz Zaman Chaudhry, a special envoy of the World Meteorological Organisation and lead author of Pakistan’s National Climate Change Policy, called on the government to  halt plans for a wave of new coal power plants across the country. “As soon as the new carbon-emission regime is agreed upon, the world will put carbon tax on

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Pakistan Ill Prepared for Climate Crises

Aug 3rd, 2014 | By
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Climate News Network: Scientists and opposition politicians in Pakistan have strongly criticised the government for what they say is its neglectful attitude towards coping with the challenges posed by climate change. “The government’s insufficient response to shifting weather patterns continues to cost the national economy dearly and is depriving people of their livelihoods, particularly in the

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Rising Heat Hits Indian Wheat Crop

Jul 29th, 2014 | By
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Climate News Network: Researchers in the UK have established a link between changing climate and agriculture that could have significant consequences for food supplies in South Asia. They have found evidence of a relationship between rising average temperatures in India and reduced wheat production, which was increasing until about a decade ago but has now stopped.

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When Not a Drop is Left

Jul 27th, 2014 | By




Climate change is the biggest threat the planet faces today, with the resources of the entire world getting affected. Water, the world’s largest natural resource, faces multiple threats as increasing temperatures lead to the melting of glaciers at a faster pace, causing mass-scale floods, devastating our plains and displacing millions of people. Climate change cannot

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Melting Glaciers Giving Rise to New Lakes in Himachal Pradesh

Jul 23rd, 2014 | By




Times News Network: Melting of glaciers is resulting in the formation of smaller lakes in the high hills of Himachal Pradesh and is posing threat to the population living downstream. A recent visit to in Chokhang area of Lahaul-Spiti by MLA Ravi Thakur along with forest officials had revealed that around 6-7 smaller lakes have come

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Pakistan Ranked Eighth Most Vulnerable Country in the World

Jul 22nd, 2014 | By




Speakers at a consultative seminar on ‘Climate Risks and its Impacts on Markets and Growth: The Case of Pakistan’ has called for an immediate induction of social protection to help the country sustain and transit towards more eco-friendly approaches as Pakistan is ranked as the eighth most vulnerable country in the world to climate change.

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Montreal Protocol Parties Discuss Issues Related to the Protection of the Ozone Layer

Jul 21st, 2014 | By
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UNEP News Center: The 197 Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer discussed various issues regarding the protection of the earth’s fragile ozone layer, during the 34th Meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group of the Parties, conducted from 14 to 18 July in Paris, France. The Parties considered the appropriate funding

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Active Planning Needed to Tackle Climate Change Impact on Agri

Jul 16th, 2014 | By




Press Trust of India: With climate change casting a shadow on the behaviour of monsoon, the country should put in place pro-active plans to meet any contingency and maximise benefits of a good rainfall to soften the blow of any deficit, eminent agriculture scientist M S Swaminathan has said. “El Nino is at the moment unpredictable…Both

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Green Under Siege: World’s Biodiversity Hotspots 85 % Impacted

Jul 15th, 2014 | By
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The world’s 35 biodiversity hotspots—which harbor 75 percent of the planet’s endangered land vertebrates—are in more trouble than expected, according to a sobering new analysis of remaining primary vegetation. In all less than 15 percent of natural intact vegetation is left in the these hotspots, which include well-known wildlife jewels such as Madagascar, the tropical

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Intergovernmental Panel Report: Asia Faces 3 Climate Change Risks

Jul 13th, 2014 | By
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A world where climate is changing the way it is presently doing poses three main risks for Asia, according to the scientists who studied impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability for the 5th Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Report (AR5), which was presented at the Dusit Hotel in Makati City on Wednesday. At the same

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The New World of Climate Suffering

Jul 5th, 2014 | By
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To date, there have been two proposed responses to climate change: mitigation, aimed at stopping the buildup of greenhouse gases, and adaptation, focused on accommodating ourselves to a warmer world. There is a third option, however, that is increasingly relevant: suffering. No matter how much the world mitigates or takes measures to adapt, increasingly large

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El Nino Draws Attention to Asia Pacific Drought Monitoring Systems

Jul 3rd, 2014 | By
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It has recently been confirmed that there is a strong possibility that an El Nino event is going to impact global weather this year for the first time since the turn of the decade. Coming as the result of weakening trade winds over the tropical pacific, the result is heavy rains in some regions and

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World Bank and UN Carbon Offset Scheme ‘Complicit’ in Genocidal Land Grabs – NGOs

Jul 3rd, 2014 | By
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The Guardian: Between 2000 and 2010, a total of 500 million acres of land in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean was acquired or negotiated under deals brokered on behalf of foreign governments or transnational corporations. Many such deals are geared toward growing crops or biofuels for export to richer, developed countries – with the consequence that

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Need to Rewrite the Mountain Perspective!

Jul 1st, 2014 | By
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Tagged as fragile, remote and marginal, these three aspects have featured prominently in discussions and deliberations concerning development in the mountains in our part of the world. Retired but active academician N S Jodha, a former senior staff with the Kathmandu-based Integrated Center for International Mountain Development, has been credited for using these three features

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Adapt or Survive? How Migration Creates Climate Resilience

Jun 27th, 2014 | By
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International Refugee Day last weekend marked the end of a week of tragedy. A Roma teenager beaten to within an inch of his life, and a woman stabbed to death in Essex for being a Muslim. The UN Refugee agency announced that Refugee numbers are now the highest they’ve been since World War II. The

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Coastal Warning for Vital Atlantic Habitats

Jun 26th, 2014 | By
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Rising temperatures, increasingly acidic seas and human destruction will drastically change the nature of the coastal seas of the north-east Atlantic over the next century, scientists predict. According to new research in the journal Ecology and Evolution, it will completely alter the forests of kelp and the maerl beds of coralline algae that serve as shelter and

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India’s Plant, Animal Species Under Severe Threat: Govt Report

Jun 15th, 2014 | By




India’s plant and animal species, particularly in the global biodiversity hotspots of Himalayas, Western Ghats, Northeast and the Nicobar Islands, are under severe threat due to overexploitation, forest fires and climate change, says an official report. The Environment Ministry report, came out in the midst of raging debate between environmental protection and industrial growth, rings

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