Green House Gas Emissions

‘World Can Cut Carbon Emissions and Live Well’

Jan 29th, 2015 | By

Forests around the world will need to be expanded by 5-15% to limit global temperature rises to 2C. And crop yields must rise by 40-60%. These are just two predictions for 2050 of an online tool developed by the government to consider options for cutting carbon emissions. The Global Calculator uses data reviewed by international

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U.N. Asks Countries for Climate Plans After Record Warm 2014

Jan 25th, 2015 | By

(Reuters) – The United Nations asked governments on Thursday to submit plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions as the building blocks of a deal due in Paris in December to limit global warming, after scientists said 2014 was the hottest year on record. Governments have agreed an informal deadline of March 31 to submit plans

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Time For a Fruitful Climate Treaty

Jan 23rd, 2015 | By

The United Nations framework convention on climate change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental tr­eaty negotiated at the United Nations conference on environment and development (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The objective of the treaty is to “stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level

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Urban Transport and Climate Change

Jan 20th, 2015 | By

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges to sustainable development. It is pertinent that policies emphasise on measures that are conducive to mitigating Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and to facilitating adaptation to changes that are likely to take place. Transport sector is a key contributor to global GHG emissions. According to IPCC AR5 (2014),

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Village Saves World From Climate Change

Jan 18th, 2015 | By

Having declared their region climate-caring in November 2014, farmers in Terong village, Bantul regency, Yogyakarta, have backed up their words with actions by not cutting down trees in the area before time. The postponement of the logging has been enacted in the hope that the trees will absorb carbon dioxide (CO2), thus mitigating the effects

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Obama to Slash Methane Emissions 45% by 2025

Jan 15th, 2015 | By

The White House laid out its long-awaited strategy to reduce emissions of methane from the oil and gas industry on Wednesday. Methane, a greenhouse gas that has 25 times the warming effect of carbon dioxide, must be reduced to 40-45% below 2012 levels by 2025, the government announced. The Environmental Protection Agency will issue proposed

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India Engages with World Leaders on Phasing Down HFCs

Jan 4th, 2015 | By

After six years of gridlock, India is stepping forward in discussions with over 180 countries on protecting our climate and moving forward with a global phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), super potent heat-trapping greenhouse gases. At the Montreal Protocol’s discussions today in Paris, India’s Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar made it clear that India was ready to take action

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Useful UN Climate Treaty Unlikely in 2015

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By

There will not be a meaningful United Nations climate agreement signed in Paris in 2015, even if a treaty is cobbled together. The reason is simple: The United Nations basic approach, created in 1992, cannot work. Data shows the UN’s operational framework, on which all UN decisions are based, is ineffective and fundamentally flawed. The

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The Pit Stop at Lima

Dec 25th, 2014 | By

It is now common knowledge that the countries at the negotiating table on climate change are actually negotiating the mother of all economic treaties, one whose implications may dwarf those of the WTO agreements. This is because, at the bottom, the countries are largely deciding on a global rationing scheme of affordable energy resources, and

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Top Firms’ Greenhouse Gas Emissions Rise, Despite Call for Cuts

Dec 24th, 2014 | By

(Reuters) – Greenhouse gas emissions by the world’s top 500 companies rose 3.1 percent from 2010 to 2013, far off the cuts urged by the United Nations to limit global warming, a study showed on Monday. The top 500 firms by capitalization accounted for 13.8 percent of world greenhouse gas emissions and 28 percent of

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Fast-Tracking Elimination of Production of Remaining Ozone-Depleting Substances Could Speed Up Ozone Layer Recovery by 11 Years

Dec 22nd, 2014 | By

The recovery of the ozone layer – the shield that protects life on Earth from harmful levels of ultraviolet rays – would come sooner if we were to fast-track the elimination of the production of the ozone-depleting substance (ODS)hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and manage otherODSs that remain in equipment, building walls and chemical stockpiles, according to the

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How Much Should be Invested to Beat Climate Change?

Dec 18th, 2014 | By

Last week’s climate conference in Lima ended with countries agreeing to a framework for setting national pledges to be submitted next year. Although viewed by some as a compromise, the Lima agreement sets the stage for a global deal when the Paris climate conference is held in 2015. How much investment would be needed to

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Deal on Climate Change

Dec 17th, 2014 | By

On Sunday, two days into overtime after a fortnight of talks that at one point seemed almost on the verge of collapse, some 190 countries agreed on the building blocks of a new-style global deal, due in 2015, to combat the phenomenon. China and India, which had expressed concern over earlier drafts of the deal

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UNEP-Coordinated Coalition Aims to Support Climate Change Fight

Dec 16th, 2014 | By

A coalition launched today at the climate talks in Lima aims to boost efforts to save billions of dollars and billions of tonnes of CO2 emissions each year by measuring and reporting reductions of greenhouse gas emissions resulting from projects and programmes that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency in developing countries. The 1 Gigaton

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Emissions Growth Slows as Economies Clean Up – Research

Dec 16th, 2014 | By

While Sunday’s global climate agreement in Lima made only incremental progress to prevent dangerous global warming, economic growth is getting less dependent on polluting activities. Emissions from fossil fuel use and industrial sources increased to a record 35.3 billion tonnes in 2013, PBL revealed – 2% higher than 2012. That is a smaller rise than

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Climate Neutrality – the Lifeboat Launched by Lima

Dec 9th, 2014 | By

(IPS) – Packed into stifling meeting rooms in the Peruvian capital, delegates from 195 countries are trying to find a path that would make it possible for the planet to reach climate neutrality in the second half of this century – the only way to avoid irreversible damage, scientists warn. Climate neutrality is defined as

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Are We Closer to Carbon Emission Targets?

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
CORRECTION Climate Top Six Polluters

The 20th session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP20) is under way in Lima. Parties will continue discussions on their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) in preparation for the post-2020 agreement in Paris next year. Optimism

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The Emissions Gap Report 2014: a UNEP Synthesis Report

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
-The Emissions Gap Report 2014-November 2014EGR2014_cover

Over the past four years the “emissions gap” series published by the United Nations Environment Programme has analysed the size of the gap and has provided insights on options to close it. This fifth report provides an updated measure of the emissions gap. In addition, this year’s update of the analysis calculates an emissions gap

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China Outlines Vision for 2015 UN Climate Change Deal

Dec 5th, 2014 | By

As the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, China is critical to the success of international efforts to tackle climate change. When softly spoken lead negotiator Su Wei held a press briefing on day four of UN climate talks in Lima, journalists hung on his every word. China will publish its national contribution “if not in

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EU Calls For Legally Binding Emissions Cuts At Lima COP20

Dec 4th, 2014 | By

At Tuesday’s Lima COP20 meeting, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action opened its 13th session. The main event of the day, this ADP meeting started off with the preparations for next year’s Paris agreement. Co-chair Kishan Kumarsingh opened the main plenary of the Lima COP20 with negotiations on the

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Can Global Warming be Limited to 1.5C?

Nov 25th, 2014 | By
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon flew over  Gizo and Marovo Lagoon en router to Solomon Island from Canberra.

The world community has agreed a global warming limit of holding warming below 2C above preindustrial levels. Small island states and the least developed countries have called for warming to be brought back to below 1.5 by 2100. The 1.5C warming limit is now under review for consideration next year by the UN’s climate body

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We Need More Carbon Dioxide, Not Less

Nov 24th, 2014 | By

AUSTRALIAN politics has been more influenced by the climate debate than any other country. Yet Australia is responsible for only 1.5 per cent of global CO2 emissions. Perhaps this speaks of Australia’s extraordinary commitment to the international community. Yet Australia has threatened to hobble its own economy while much larger ­nations take a pass while

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Climate Change is Not Just About Science – It’s About the Future We Want to Create

Nov 23rd, 2014 | By

Next December, 196 nations will meet in Paris to agree a course of action to respond to climate change. They will do so under the auspices of the UN framework convention on climate change. This is an international treaty negotiated at the Earth summit in Rio in 1992 with the objective to “stabilise greenhouse gas

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UN: Cut CO2 Emissions to Zero by 2070, or Experience a ‘Global Catastrophe’

Nov 21st, 2014 | By
Global warming and greenhouse gas and carbon CO2 emissions : coal power plant

The Guardian: The world must cut CO2 emissions to zero by 2070 at the latest to keep global warming below dangerous levels and prevent a global catastrophe, the UN warns. By 2100, all greenhouse gas emissions – including methane, nitrous oxide and ozone, as well as CO2 – must fall to zero, the United Nationals

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Current Pledges Not Enough to Stop Global Warming: UN Report

Nov 20th, 2014 | By

Pollution is still rising despite world pledges to cut carbon emissions, and more action is needed to rein in climate change in the coming years, a United Nations (UN) report said Wednesday. The Emissions Gap report is the fifth yearly analysis that examines how countries are doing and lays out the path toward keeping the

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India Must Lead Climate Fight for Developing Countries at UN Talks

Nov 18th, 2014 | By

On November 12, 2014, US president Barack Obama and Chinese president Xi Jinping announced a joint plan to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The deal came as a big surprise to most. After all, it was a deal between the world’s top polluters – the US is the world’s biggest historical polluter while China is

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The North-South Divide

Nov 17th, 2014 | By

Dawn: Every year the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), the NGO based in New Delhi that brings out Down to Earth magazine and has been steadily campaigning against air pollution in the city, hosts their annual “Climate Change Media Briefing” at the India Habitat Centre. The CSE believes in a global climate deal based

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New Carbon Scheme in South Korea Unlikely to Achieve Targets

Nov 6th, 2014 | By

A new carbon market in South Korea is unlikely to deliver the country’s emissions reduction targets as heavy emitters are being oversupplied with carbon credits from the outset, according to reports. South Korea’s trading market launches on 1 January 2015, and according to Thomson Reuters Point Carbon report, it will allocate 53 mega tonnes of

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Oct 29th, 2014 | By

The commercial shipping sector is responsible for a billion tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions a year, a little more than Germany, and its contribution is set to skyrocket, according to a new pressure group report. Bill Hemmings, of pressure group Transport Environment, says that emissions by commercial shipping globally will increase 250 per cent between

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EU Set to Allow Car Emissions Into Carbon Trading Market

Oct 26th, 2014 | By

(Reuters) – The European Union is set to make it easier to bring road transport emissions into the carbon trading market, a move that critics say could empower carmakers to push back against more effective curbs on greenhouse gases. EU leaders will attempt to agree on energy policy for 2030 when they meet in Brussels

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Europe Emission Targets ‘Will Fail to Protect Climate’

Oct 20th, 2014 | By

BBC: Prof Jim Skea, a vice-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, says the EU’s plan to cut CO2 emissions 40% by 2030 is too weak. He says it will commit future governments to “extraordinary and unprecedented” emissions cuts. The Commission rejected the claim, saying the 40% target puts Europe on track for long-term

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Poor Nations Urged to Leapfrog Harmful HFC Refrigerants

Oct 13th, 2014 | By

SciDev.Net: Efforts to rid the world of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a group of powerful greenhouse gases mainly used as refrigerants, may depend on developing nations being able to leapfrog these chemicals to less harmful alternatives, an environmental group has warned. HFCs were introduced following the 1989 Montreal Protocol as a replacement for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which deplete the ozone

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Energy Efficient, Climate Friendly Refrigerants for Hot and Humid India: Moving into the Future

Oct 10th, 2014 | By

At the recently concluded bilateral India-US summit, Prime Minister Modi of India and US President Obama agreed to take a significant step to tackle the dangers of climate change. The two leaders agreed to address phasing down of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) – global warming gases with environmental impact thousands of times greater than carbon dioxide –

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Washington Consensus on HFCs

Oct 6th, 2014 | By
Barak Obama-kB8B--621x414@LiveMint

Here are two remarkably similar excerpts from two statements signed between President Barack Obama with two successive Indian Prime Ministers in Washington within a space of just a year. The first is from a statement signed on 27 September 2013 with Manmohan Singh and reads thus: “The two leaders agreed to immediately convene the India-US

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Climate Change: More Disasters Needed to Motivate Individual Behavior Change?

Sep 28th, 2014 | By

Over 310,000 people marched last Sunday to call for action on climate change. ThePeople’s Climate March aimed to press policymakers that would meet two days later at the UN Climate Summit, a preparation for the next Conference of the Parties(COP). Hundreds of thousands showing that despite of political slow action, awareness on climate change has

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Clean Urban Transport Can Drive Emissions Cuts

Sep 24th, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: Here’s a way to save $100 trillion and stop 1,700 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from getting into the atmosphere every year by 2050: cycle, walk or take public transport. A new report by the University of California Davis and the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) estimates that such a

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New Momentum Needed to Reduce CO2 Emissions

Sep 23rd, 2014 | By

Twenty-two years after the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted in a bid to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, CO2 emissions continue to rise as international negotiations over how to implement reductions in the discharge of climate-changing gases drag on. On Tuesday, world leaders will assemble in New York

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Record CO2 Levels Fuel Urgent Calls for Emissions Cuts

Sep 22nd, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: Global carbon dioxide emissions will this year reach a new record as power stations, cars, buses, trains, aircraft, tractors, factories, farms and cement works continue to burn fossil fuels − releasing an estimated 40 billion tonnes of the greenhouse gas into the atmosphere. And the world’s chances of limiting global average surface warming

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World on Course to Overshoot 2 Degrees Target: Study

Sep 22nd, 2014 | By

As world leaders prepare to meet in New Yorkto reinvigorate global efforts to tackle climate change, a new study shows carbon dioxide emissions are set to hit record levels. Again. The Global Carbon Project’s (GCP) annual report warns that if emissions continue to climb, the world will soon pass the point at which it’s likely global

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Climate Change: Major Global Shift to Public Transport Can Cut Emissions by 40%

Sep 21st, 2014 | By

A shift from car-centric transport to one based on public transport, walking and cycling can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 1542 megatonnes (1700 megatons) by 2050. This amounts to a 40% reduction in emissions from the business-as-usual scenario, which can go up to 55% reductions when fuel economy contributions are added. Besides

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Ozone Layer Showing Signs of Recovery: UN

Sep 13th, 2014 | By

The Hindu: The Earth’s protective ozone layer is well on track to recovery in the next few decades thanks to concerted international action against ozone depleting substances, the latest assessment by scientists across the world has said. According to the assessment, carried out by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO),

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Ocean Acidification and GHGs Hit Record Levels

Sep 9th, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) reports that the amounts of atmospheric greenhouse gases reached a new high in 2013, driven by rapidly rising levels of carbon dioxide. The news is consistent with trends in fossil fuel consumption. But what comes as more of a surprise is the WMO’s revelation that the current rate

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China, India Take a Pass on UN Climate Summit

Sep 5th, 2014 | By

Discovery News: Effectively putting the kibosh on a global agreement this year on climate change, the Chinese and Indian heads of state announced recently they won’t attend a Sept. 23 United Nations meeting on global warming. Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently confirmed they won’t join the gathering of world

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Committed Carbon Emissions are Rising Fast

Aug 28th, 2014 | By

Challenging news for those climate campaigners who believe that renewable sources of energy are on the increase: they may be, but so are carbon dioxide emissions. Steven Davis of the University of California, Irvine and Robert Socolow of Princeton University in the US report in the journal Environmental Research Letters that existing power plants will emit 300 billion tons of

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Greater Political Imagination is Vital in Order to Face Climate Challenge

Aug 24th, 2014 | By

Efforts to reduce global warming are gaining political ground at the international level, despite systematic resistance to change. This global dynamic should renew the economic and political debate in our countries. Finally, Obama has decided to put the brakes on domestic emissions from electric generation plants despite the resistance from said industry, Republicans and even

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What Would a Fair UN Climate Change Deal Look Like?

Aug 24th, 2014 | By

The problem comes when you ask negotiators or civil society representatives what that actually means. What, using UN parlance, does an equitable solution to prevent dangerous levels of global warming look like on a country-by-country level? Policy wonks will talk of historical responsibility, climate justice, the right to development, political will and economic capacity. This

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Crack in the House is Widening

Aug 21st, 2014 | By

A crack in a house’s foundation, if not repaired, can continue to grow, ultimately destabilizing the structure and rendering it uninhabitable. Its occupants must then move to another home. But the world’s population cannot move somewhere else. Houses, while not cheap, are replaceable; our planet is not.Climate change, as we have known for years, is

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IPCC Warns of massive Climate Changes

Aug 18th, 2014 | By

The latest IPCC report warns that the major greenhouse gas emissions should be cut during the next 15 years or the planet will face catastrophic climate changes. Environment experts have also suggested a solution that can make emissions come down and through which even economy can be improved at the same time. A carbon pollution fee on fossil fuels that returns that

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World Bank Move to Boost Carbon Pricing

Aug 12th, 2014 | By

The World Bank Group, businesses groups, and investors have called on governments and corporations to support carbon pricing to cut green house gas (GHG) emissions and reduce the worsening impacts of climate change. The group has been organising a statement on carbon pricing and has consulted partner countries, governments, and business associations including the World

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Keystone Climate Impact ‘Four Times’ Greater Than US Govt Estimate

Aug 10th, 2014 | By

Running from Canada to Texas, the future of the US$5.4 billion pipeline, which would carry oil from the Alberta tar sands, has become a key test of the White House’s “green” credentials. Earlier this year the State Department declared Keystone’s possible environmental impacts to be negligible, carrying bitumen that would simply replace oil produced elsewhere. But

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Draft UN Support Says Drastic Emissions Cuts Needed By 2050 To Curb Global Warming

Aug 10th, 2014 | By

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions of 40 to 70 per cent by mid-century will be needed to avert the worst of global warming that is already harming all continents, a draft UN report shows. The 26-page draft sums up three UN scientific reports published over the past year as a guide for almost 200

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Rise in Flights Will Outweigh Carbon Cuts

Aug 8th, 2014 | By

Climate News Network: The aviation industry insists that it is making only a tiny contribution to global warming, with just 2% of global carbon dioxide emissions coming from its aircraft. The problem is the speed at which aviation itself is growing. One aircraft builder believes the number of planes in service in 2011 will have doubled

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Why A New Study Thinks Next Year’s Climate Talks Won’t Keep The World Under 2°C

Aug 7th, 2014 | By

The hopes that the world will do something meaningful to reduce its carbon emissions now hang on the next big round of international climate talks in Paris in 2015. And according to a new analysis from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, it’s probably going to be a letdown. The Paris talks will be the twenty-first gathering of nations under

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India Not Bound to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emission Levels: Government

Aug 6th, 2014 | By

Press Trust of India: Environment, forests and climate change minister Prakash Javadekar on Wednesday stuck to the government’s position of agreeing to no binding greenhouse gas emission cuts, even as India voluntarily does what it can to reduce them. He also said the country wants a growth window till 2040 or beyond, before it can start

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Crossroads in Climate Negotiations When Adaptation and Mitigation Meet in Bonn

Jul 31st, 2014 | By

The June round of climate negotiations commenced with wide recognition amongst Parties of the need for deeper cuts in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to be accelerating negotiations based on the outcomes of the 5thAssessment Report (AR5) released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) this year. This session was the last opportunity for Parties to meet before

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UN Puts New Momentum Behind its Radical Green Agenda for ‘Climate Change’

Jul 31st, 2014 | By

The United Nations is putting new momentum behind the radical green effort to reduce global carbon emissions and drastically reshape the world’s economy — a campaign that is wobbling badly due to international defections and the huge cost of cutting back economic growth in the name of controlling “climate change.” The world organization is doubling

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Carbon Pricing – Is it Inevitable, Profitable?

Jul 30th, 2014 | By

Reuters: A dangerously warming planet is not just an environmental challenge – it is a fundamental threat to efforts to end poverty, and it threatens to put prosperity out of the reach of millions of people.  Read the recent Fifth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change if you need further evidence. If we agree it is

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Human-induced Water Vapour Next Climate Threat

Jul 29th, 2014 | By

IANS: The rising levels of water vapour in the upper troposphere – a key amplifier of global warming – owing to greenhouse gases will intensify climate change impacts over the next decades, scientists said. “The study is the first to confirm that human activities have increased water vapour in the upper troposphere,” said Brian Soden, professor

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India Wants Upscaling of Ambition in Kyoto Protocol Period

Jul 27th, 2014 | By

Press Trust of India: India today emphasised the need for immediate upscaling of ambition in the Kyoto Protocol second Commitment period and its early ratification by all Kyoto Protocol Parties. It is the urgent need of the hour, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said during his meeting with UK Secretary of State for Energy and Climate

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Concerns Over carbon Emissions From Burning Wood

Jul 26th, 2014 | By

BBC News: UK taxpayers subsidise energy firms to burn wood to meet EU renewables targets. But the report from the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) shows sometimes much bigger carbon savings would be achieved by leaving the wood in the forests. This suggests power firms may be winning subsidies for inadvertently making climate change

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