Development and Climate Change

Previous Climatic Shifts Deprived Oceans of Oxygen

Jan 30th, 2015 | By

Dead zones — massive stratified columns of oxygen-deprived water — could become the new normal in oceans around the world as global temperatures continue to rise. New research, published this week in the journal PLOS ONE, links ancient climate change to dead zone expansion. “Our modern ocean is moving into a state that has no

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Changing Winds

Jan 29th, 2015 | By

Express News Service: US President Barack Obama could hardly have missed the irony of conducting talks on climate change in what is, according to some indices, the world’s most polluted city. But despite disappointing those awaiting major concessions on emissions-reduction targets like the one Obama brokered with China last year, the modest agreement that was

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Concern Over Climate, Compromise on Nature

Jan 27th, 2015 | By

On his visit to India, U.S. President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Narendra Modi have announced a landmark civil nuclear deal, which will give India access to generating nuclear power. This follows on the heels of several announcements made by Mr. Modi on making India a hub for producing clean or non-conventional energy, posited as

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Javadekar Seeks Transboundary Cooperation to Develop Himalayan Region

Jan 19th, 2015 | By

Increased transboundary cooperation was needed to transform mountain forestry in Hindu Kush Himalayan region, Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar, who addressed the inaugural session of the five-day symposium on ‘Transforming Mountain Forestry’ said, on Sunday. The symposium, which began on Sunday, aims at creating conducive transboundary conditions, politically and institutionally, to protect the forest ecosystems

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Climate Change Poses Major Security Threat to Pakistan

Jan 16th, 2015 | By

With far-reaching consequences like food scarcity, climate change is a major security challenge and countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh can take lessons from the Arab Spring that was triggered by high food prices Could Pakistan become destabilised because of climate change? Could the continuous cycles of floods and droughts result in food scarcity, leading to

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Single SDG Targets are Impractical and Unrealistic

Jan 14th, 2015 | By

Numbers should be used to engage stakeholders, not benchmark nations’ progress, say David Sumpter and colleagues. Weather forecasts and predictions for changes to the global climate have greatly improved over the last 20 years. Scientists have also improved at communicating these predictions, including any uncertainty. For example, a rain forecast may be assigned a 30

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‘Fears of Man-made Global Warming Exaggerated’

Jan 7th, 2015 | By

Two of three scientists at a session on climate change and society at the Indian Science Congress on Tuesday felt fears of man-made global warming were greatly exaggerated. Their presence at the conference was particularly significant in light of the current ‘development-versus-envir- onment’ debates. “While I agree that glaciers are melting because of global warming,

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Scientists’ Role in Dealing with Climate Change Crucial: Experts

Jan 6th, 2015 | By

Scientists have a greater role to play in climate change mitigation in the changing world. This was stated by Dr Ashwani Kumar, Director General, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), while speaking during the inaugural session of the five-day training programme for scientists and technologists working in the government sector on “climate change

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DMRC comes under UN’s Clean Development Mechanism

Jan 5th, 2015 | By

PTI: The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has been registered as the world’s first transport sector project under the Programme of Activities (PoA) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), enabling it to quantify climate change benefit from all metro operations in India, a statement said on Sunday. The move will also

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All Leaders Must Rise to the Challenge for December 2015, Warns Outgoing EU Climate Chief

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By

Climate change talks next year will be make or break for international efforts to curb global warming, with the credibility of the UN-backed process at stake, the outgoing EU climate chief, Connie Hedegaard, has warned. World leaders are expected to sign an agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions from 2020 onwards at a Paris conference

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Crowdfunded “Ice Stupas” Help Ladakh Adapt to Climate Change

Dec 30th, 2014 | By

“If you cannot stop it, adapt to it.” This is the mantra of a tiny village — situated on the slopes of breathtaking Himalayan desert mountains of Ladakh — to survive climate change in the extreme north of India. With the glaciers they depend on for water melting too fast in summer and not enough

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Interconnected World: Banuri Links Growth With Social Justice, Climate Issues

Dec 29th, 2014 | By

The idea of sustainable development remains to be incomplete without addressing growth, social justice and environmental issues simultaneously as they all are interlinked and can’t be taken in isolation, Professor Dr Tariq Banuri, a pioneer development expert and academic says. “Other issues will not be resolved if we simply focus on growth as we did

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The 5 Most Important Developments in Climate Change in 2014

Dec 26th, 2014 | By

This year may go down as one of the more consequential years for action to prevent the worst effects of climate change. I have written in the past about why fighting climate change is proving to be such a challenge, but an end-of-the-year reflection on what we are getting right might make for a refreshing

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Review of National Targets Must for Climate Action: Pachauri

Dec 25th, 2014 | By

While India and other countries have been opposing a review of their national contributions to tackle climate change, chairperson of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Dr. R. K. Pachauri is firm that unless there is a process of review in place, the direction the world is taking to tackle climate change will not

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Migration Merits Place in Mainstream of Climate Debate

Dec 24th, 2014 | By

Among all the statistics about temperature increase, polar melting and sea level rise associated with a warming world, the impact on hundreds of millions of people forced to leave their homes due to climate change is often not fully considered. But the International Organization for Migration (IOM), an intergovernmental body set up in the early

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‘Nature-based Development Policies Can Bring Inclusive Growth in Himalayan Region’

Dec 22nd, 2014 | By

In  a recent policy dialogue held in Kolkata, representatives of four countries of the eastern Himalayas and the neighbourhood have stressed on the need to include the value of natural capital in national accounts. The dialogue, titled ‘Natural Capital for Inclusive Growth: Options and Tools for South Asia’, brought together more than 40 senior policy

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Loss of Rainforests is Double Whammy Threat to Climate

Dec 21st, 2014 | By

Tropical rainforests do more than just soak up carbon dioxide and renew atmospheric oxygen, they affect the weather in the rest of the world as well. And if the Amazon rainforest disappeared, the US Midwest could begin to dry up during the growing season. In what is claimed as the most comprehensive analysis to date,

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How Will Climate Change Transform Agriculture? 20 Hours Ago

Dec 19th, 2014 | By

Climate change impacts will require major but very uncertain transformations of global agriculture systems by mid-century, according to new research from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Climate change will require major transformations in agricultural systems, including increased irrigation and moving production from one region to another, according to the new study, published in

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UNEP Climate Action Report Released at COP20

Dec 18th, 2014 | By

The 8th edition of Climate Action, supported by UNEP, was launched at COP20 in Lima last week with ministers of environment, heads of key UN bodies and leaders of the world’s top NGO’s participating. The publication was first launched in Bali for the UN Climate Change Conference in December 2007 (COP13) as a platform for

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Mostly Cloudy

Dec 18th, 2014 | By

Yet another depressing charade played out at Lima, Peru, where the 20th conference of the parties (COP) to the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) concluded on December 14, with a 43-page negotiating text, with several alternative formulations for virtually every provision. It is unlikely that, within the deadline set by the Paris COP

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Nations’ Climate Laws Key to Global Pact

Dec 17th, 2014 | By

The annual United Nations climate summit of 194 nations finally finished in overtime on Sunday. The modest agreement reached averted the talks’ collapse and keeps the process alive. However, while a deal was concluded, including agreement for the first time that all countries (not just developed states) must cut greenhouse gas emissions, many of the hard

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Water Scarcity is a Danger Sign – Time to Innovate, and Fast

Dec 15th, 2014 | By

The experts from the African Ministerial Council on Water (AMCOW), Global Water Partnership and CARICOM also called for water managers to build on their local innovations for climate resilience – and to get savvier about communicating solutions to policy-makers. The event was an opportunity to learn about common problems and possible solutions across Africa, Central

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Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar to Highlight India’s Solar Push

Dec 9th, 2014 | By

The recently-decided plan to go for a massive increase in solar power generation in the country will figure prominently in the statement of Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar when he tells the delegates at the Lima climate conference about the steps India is taking to combat climate change. Only last month, the government decided that it

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Plea for South Asia to Unite in Fight Against Climate Risks

Dec 8th, 2014 | By

The countries of South Asia need to stand together in their efforts to push for more finance from the developed world to help them adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change,  a prominent regional expert says. Saleemul Huq, from Bangladesh, a lead negotiator for the group of Least Developed Countries told a fringe meeting

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UN Secretary General Says no Plans to Reduce Sustainable Development Goals

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
Ban Ki-moon

The UN secretary general has ruled out any immediate cut in the number of proposed sustainable development goals with the launch on Thursday of his synthesis report, The Road to Dignity by 2030 (pdf). In the report, Ban Ki-moon reaffirmed the 17 goals and 169 targets proposed by the UN open working group that will

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Oil Companies at Climate Talks Dismiss ‘Carbon Bubble’ Fears

Dec 7th, 2014 | By

As diplomats in Lima work towards a global deal to combat climate change, oil industry representatives are taking comfort from the slow pace of talks. Analysts say an effective deal to limit dangerous global warming would slash demand for fossil fuels and the value of oil companies. Earlier this week, the Bank of England launched

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Why Unborn Children Must be Part of the UN Climate Deal

Dec 7th, 2014 | By

In terms of climate change, youth are the future, and therefore will see the worsening of climate impacts. We will see sea level rising, ecosystems changing, populations moving. We will be the ones to feel its impacts on economy and society: we will fear for our children, for our jobs, and for our lives. Without

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China Outlines Vision for 2015 UN Climate Change Deal

Dec 5th, 2014 | By

As the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, China is critical to the success of international efforts to tackle climate change. When softly spoken lead negotiator Su Wei held a press briefing on day four of UN climate talks in Lima, journalists hung on his every word. China will publish its national contribution “if not in

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‘They Say That in 30 Years Maybe Kiribati Will Disappear’

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
Batiri Tataio and her grandson Mikaere of Temaiku on South Tarawa, Kiribati

The highest point on South Tarawa, the capital island of Kiribati, survives behind a wall of sandbags and rock. It lies so close to the sea that one of the agile kids who make up almost half the population could leap from the top and land in the water three metres below. Across the Pacific

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Development and Climate Days at UN Climate Talks to Highlight ‘Historic Opportunity’ to Reduce Poverty and Emissions to Zero

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By

Extreme poverty and the impacts of climate change, which already affect many millions of people worldwide, can be overcome by far-sighted, joined-up action on both at once, the Development and Climate Days event at UN climate talks in Peru will hear. The heads of the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, the International Institute for

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UN Climate Talks Set Sights on Historic Paris Pact

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By

AFP/ir/ec: To fresh warnings and appeals to seize the political momentum, UN talks opened in Lima on Monday (Dec 1) tasked with drawing the outlines of a 2015 deal to roll back climate change. Gathering 195 states, the 12-day meeting also has to agree on the pact’s heart – a format for nations to make

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UN Climate Talks Begin as Global Temperatures Break Records

Dec 1st, 2014 | By

One hundred and ninety-five nations have committed to finalising a new climate pact in Paris by 2015’s end. The process has been boosted by recent developments, including a joint announcement on cutting carbon by the US and China. The two weeks of discussions have started amid record-breaking global temperatures for the year to date. According

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Mumbai, Kolkata Most Vulnerable to Climate Change: Government

Nov 30th, 2014 | By

India’s populous coastal cities Mumbai and Kolkata are most vulnerable to loss of life and properties due to coastal flooding in the second half of the century, the government has said quoting a UN report ahead of a key global climate conference in Peruvian capital Lima. The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned

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Full Text of the Kathmandu Declaration

Nov 28th, 2014 | By

1. (Regional Cooperation): The Heads of State or Government expressed their strong determination to deepen regional integration for peace, stability and prosperity in South Asia by intensifying cooperation, inter alia, in trade, investment, finance, energy, security, infrastructure, connectivity and culture; and implementing projects, programmes and activities in a prioritised, result-oriented and time-bound manner. 2. (South

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Geo-engineering: Climate Fixes ‘Could Harm Billions’

Nov 26th, 2014 | By

Schemes to tackle climate change could prove disastrous for billions of people, but might be required for the good of the planet, scientists say. That is the conclusion of a new set of studies into what’s become known as geo-engineering. This is the so far unproven science of intervening in the climate to bring down

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Global Conference 2016 in Nepal

Nov 23rd, 2014 | By

The Nepal Unit of the Nature–Human Centric Peoples Movement is going to organize a global conference 2016 in Nepal. General Secretary at Nepal Unit, Dindaya Rijal, informed that the conference will discuss climate change effects, global warming, widening gulf between the rich and poor, unemployment, corruption, rule of law, and nuclear reactor. Before this, many

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Can New Global Fund Rescue Those Worst Hit by Climate Change?

Nov 20th, 2014 | By
A man walks on the street during heavy smog in the central Bosnian town of Zenica

(Thomson Reuters Foundation) – When U.S. President Barack Obama announced a $3 billion pledge to a new international climate change fund, he made a point of highlighting how the money would help poor countries hit by worsening extreme weather and rising seas. Climate change adaptation – measures that protect people and assets, such as early

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Looking Beyond IPCC Reports in the Himalayas

Nov 19th, 2014 | By

Moving beyond the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment reports can help integrate scientific and traditional knowledge for effective adaptation action in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region, an international gathering of climate experts in Kathmandu heard. Participants from 22 countries stressed at the 9-12 November conference in Kathmandu the need for increased knowledge

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India Must Lead Climate Fight for Developing Countries at UN Talks

Nov 18th, 2014 | By

On November 12, 2014, US president Barack Obama and Chinese president Xi Jinping announced a joint plan to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The deal came as a big surprise to most. After all, it was a deal between the world’s top polluters – the US is the world’s biggest historical polluter while China is

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Coal Rush in India Could Tip Balance on Climate Change

Nov 18th, 2014 | By

Decades of strip mining have left this town in the heart of India’s coal fields a fiery moonscape, with mountains of black slag, sulfurous air and sickened residents. But rather than reclaim these hills or rethink their exploitation, the government is digging deeper in a coal rush that could push the world into irreversible climate

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Climate Change Pact and India’s Isolation

Nov 17th, 2014 | By
edit- climate change for web-kjOE--621x414@LiveMint (1)

If there is an area of policy-making that just involves hot air, it has to be climate change. The amount of rhetoric that is expended by countries on this issue would be amusing if it were not for the seriousness of the threat of climate change and the geopolitical manoeuvring behind the scenes to disadvantage

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China Asks Developing Countries to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Nov 17th, 2014 | By

PTI: Promising to set ambitious goals to cut greenhouse gas emissions following a landmark agreement with the US, China has asked other developing countries to follow suit. China, which was part of the BASIC group — Brazil, South Africa, India and China — in the global climate negotiations to flag the concerns of the developing

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India Feels Heat as Pressure Mounts to Deliver Climate Target

Nov 17th, 2014 | By

With the United States and China unveiling a potentially game-changing bilateral deal to whittle down their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and project a united front on the global fight against climate change, India is feeling the pressure to recalibrate its domestic climate strategy in the run up to Lima climate conference next month. According to the

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Lightning Strikes Will Increase Due to Climate Change

Nov 17th, 2014 | By
storm chaser Roger Hill of an amazing lightning storm

The Guardian: Lightning will strike far more frequently in a world under climate change – but researchers can still not predict exactly where or when those strikes will occur. New research from the University of California, Berkeley, published on Thursday in the journal Science, found warming conditions would result in 50% more lightning strikes by

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World on Track to Meet 2020 Goal for Protected Land, Sea, More Work Urgently Needed – UN

Nov 14th, 2014 | By

While the world is on track to meet a 2020 target on the expansion of protected areas, more work is needed to ensure areas of importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services are prioritized for protection under equitably managed conditions, according to a new United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report released today. “Protected areas not only

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Climate Risks

Nov 14th, 2014 | By

THE HIMALAYAN TIMES: Though Nepal’s contribution to greenhouse gases is almost negligible‚ it is facing the adverse consequences of climate change Climate change as a result of enhanced greenhouse gas emissions induced global warming is said to be the prime reason for many woes that the people in general and the mountain people, in particular,

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UNFCCC Welcomes US China Emissions Deal

Nov 12th, 2014 | By

Agreement between China and the US on limiting future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions has been welcomed by the head of the United Nations body charged with implementing a global emissions reduction treaty. The China US deal was hailed as “Clear leadership” in a tweet following the announcement of the agreement by Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary

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Natural Disaster Destroys Property Worth Over Rs 50 m

Nov 10th, 2014 | By

Property worth over Rs 50 million was destroyed in agriculture and livestock sectors due to natural disaster in Darchula district this year. According to the District Livestock Service Office, Darchula, mostly the natural disaster including floods, landslides and lightning destroyed the properties. As per the data collected by the Office, property worth Rs 52 million

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International Conference on Climate Change Begins in Nepal

Nov 10th, 2014 | By

PTI: An international conference on climate change began here today with the participation of more than 200 scientists, policy makers, government officials and parliamentarians from countries including India. The four-day conference on “Mountain People Adapting to Change” is being organised with the goal of exploring holistic solutions for adaptation to change in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

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Audacious Ideas and Actions for a Zero Carbon World

Nov 9th, 2014 | By

Policy-makers, academics, business and civil society leaders gathered in London this week for the fifth annual Chatham House Climate Change Conference. In the hallways and audience chamber and on the podium, the mood was one of ambition – even audacity – around the possibilities for moving swiftly towards a zero net carbon world. As one

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Why Warnings on Climate Spark Aggressive Denials

Nov 9th, 2014 | By
Polar Bears (Cubs), Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska

If you don’t like the message on climate change, it seems that the answer is to shoot the messenger. According to a new book by veteran environmentalist George Marshall, thousands of abusive emails − including demands that he commit suicide or be “shot, quartered and fed to the pigs, along with your family” – were

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El Salvador Restores Biodiversity in the Face of Climate Change

Nov 6th, 2014 | By

Carlos Menjívar has been ferrying people in his boat for 20 years in this fishing village in western El Salvador surrounded by ocean, mangroves and wetlands, which is suffering the effects of environmental degradation. Siltation in the main channel leading to the town has hurt his income, because the buildup of sediment has reduced the

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New Heat Wave Index Developed

Nov 6th, 2014 | By

JRC scientists have developed a new index to measure the magnitude of heat waves, in cooperation with colleagues from five research organisations. According to the index projections, under the worst climate scenario of temperature rise nearing 4.8⁰C, extreme heat waves will become the norm by the end of the century. Heat waves like the one

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MDGs: Climate Change Hampering Pakistan from Achieving Targets

Nov 3rd, 2014 | By

Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) remains a challenge for Pakistan with the effects of climate change in the form of increasing floods, droughts and erratic storms. MDGs are a set of goals adopted by the UN in 2000 which aim to focus on improving lives of the poorest people in the world as well

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Climate Change Threatens Irreversible and Dangerous Impacts, But Options Exist to Limit its Effects

Nov 2nd, 2014 | By

UNEP News Center: Human influence on the climate system is clear and growing, with impacts observed on all continents. If left unchecked, climate change will increase the likelihood of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems. However, options are available to adapt to climate change and implementing stringent mitigations activities can ensure that the

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World Has Decided Not to do More to Fight Climate Change Till 2020

Oct 29th, 2014 | By

Do not expect any country to up its fight against climate change between now and 2020. That is the plain reading of the diplomatic gobbledygook produced at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change’s recently concluded negotiations. The EU was once a leader on climate change. It is now trying hard to come down to the

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Melting Glaciers, Changing Climate

Oct 29th, 2014 | By

At dawn, Mohd Soheb begins an arduous trek to the high camp at Chhota Shigri glacier in the Pir Panjal range in Spiti valley, Himachal Pradesh. From the PWD guesthouse at Chota Dara, he walks down to the Chandra river where he travels across in a small iron crate using an ingenious system of pulleys

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Research: Asia Most Vulnerable to Climate Change

Oct 28th, 2014 | By

Populations living in low-lying, coastal Asian cities are at most risk from the effects of climate change, according to a report titled “Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability,” presented last March at the climate talks in Yokohama Japan. The report warns that Asia’s coastline is the region of the globe most vulnerable to future flooding,

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No Concrete Result Reached in UN Climate Talks in Bonn

Oct 26th, 2014 | By

(Xinhua) — The third round of United Nations’ 2014 climate talks wrapped up in Bonn, Germany, on Saturday, reaching no concrete result and leaving heavy workload to climate conference in Lima, Peru, in December. In the past six days, nearly 1,200 negotiators from 176 countries and organizations gathered in the city which hosts the secretariat

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Researchers Resolve the Karakoram Glacier Anomaly, a Cold Case of Climate Science

Oct 24th, 2014 | By

Researchers from Princeton University and other institutions may have hit upon an answer to a climate-change puzzle that has eluded scientists for years, and that could help understand the future availability of water for hundreds of millions of people. In a phenomenon known as the “Karakoram anomaly,” glaciers in the Karakoram mountains, a range within

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