CLIMATE SCIENCE

Mountain events at climate change summit-CoP 21

Dec 2nd, 2015 | By
Doon Mountains




Given that mountains regions of the world are facing huge impact of Climate Change, not much importance has been given to these regions and its people at major global forums including UN climate change conferences. It is evident that since last few decades the Himalayan mountain region faced major hydro meteorological disasters, leading to huge

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Previous Climatic Shifts Deprived Oceans of Oxygen

Jan 30th, 2015 | By
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Dead zones — massive stratified columns of oxygen-deprived water — could become the new normal in oceans around the world as global temperatures continue to rise. New research, published this week in the journal PLOS ONE, links ancient climate change to dead zone expansion. “Our modern ocean is moving into a state that has no

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Changing Winds

Jan 29th, 2015 | By




Express News Service: US President Barack Obama could hardly have missed the irony of conducting talks on climate change in what is, according to some indices, the world’s most polluted city. But despite disappointing those awaiting major concessions on emissions-reduction targets like the one Obama brokered with China last year, the modest agreement that was

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Increased Carbon Spill From Glaciers Sets New Puzzle

Jan 29th, 2015 | By
CROP-Mendenhall_Glacier_Alaska




Researchers in the US have calculated that, thanks to climate change, melting glaciers will have spilled an extra 15 million tonnes of organic carbon into the seas by 2050. The consequences for the ecosystems that depend on glacial meltwater are uncertain, but this burden of biological soot and sediment has potential implications for the global carbon

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‘World Can Cut Carbon Emissions and Live Well’

Jan 29th, 2015 | By
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Forests around the world will need to be expanded by 5-15% to limit global temperature rises to 2C. And crop yields must rise by 40-60%. These are just two predictions for 2050 of an online tool developed by the government to consider options for cutting carbon emissions. The Global Calculator uses data reviewed by international

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Global Warming Spells Disaster for Tropical Andes Glaciers

Jan 28th, 2015 | By
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As components of the global cryosphere, mountain glaciers are known for their high sensitivity to climate change. Glaciers are the result of solid precipitation and reflect its variability from one year to the next. The ablation process – by which glaciers lose snow and ice, converting it into water and vapor – depends directly on

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La Niñas on the Rise in Climate Change Double Whammy

Jan 27th, 2015 | By
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Talk about a left-right jab. One of the world’s biggest sources of climate variability is set to develop a devastating double blow. The El Niño Southern Oscillation is a natural fluctuation of ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific that can give rise to El Niño and La Niña, which drive droughts and floods from South

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Financial Pledges for REDD+ Slow to be Disbursed, Finds Report

Jan 27th, 2015 | By
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Only a small fraction of the $7.3 billion pledged under the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) program has actually been disbursed, find a new report that tracked REDD+ finance in seven countries. The REDD+ eXpenditures Tracking Initiative (REDDX) initiative, led by Forest Trends, analyzed REDD+ financial flows between 2009 and 2012 in Brazil,

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Concern Over Climate, Compromise on Nature

Jan 27th, 2015 | By
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On his visit to India, U.S. President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Narendra Modi have announced a landmark civil nuclear deal, which will give India access to generating nuclear power. This follows on the heels of several announcements made by Mr. Modi on making India a hub for producing clean or non-conventional energy, posited as

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Climate Change Could Impact the Poor Much More Than Previously Thought

Jan 26th, 2015 | By
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It’s widely accepted that climate change will have bigger negative impacts on poorer countries than wealthy ones. However, a new economic modeling study finds that the economic impacts on these poorer countries could be much larger than previous estimates. As a result, they suggest that we should be aiming to limit global warming to near,

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U.N. Asks Countries for Climate Plans After Record Warm 2014

Jan 25th, 2015 | By
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(Reuters) – The United Nations asked governments on Thursday to submit plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions as the building blocks of a deal due in Paris in December to limit global warming, after scientists said 2014 was the hottest year on record. Governments have agreed an informal deadline of March 31 to submit plans

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Lahore Smog: It’s Not a Natural Phenomenon

Jan 25th, 2015 | By
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Every December, thick fog descends upon Lahore, blocking out the winter sunshine, closing off the motorway after dusk and preventing flights from landing at the international airport at night. The problem has grown worse over the last five years due to the high levels of pollution and poor air quality in the city, created by

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Chinese Premier Pledges Low-carbon Growth at World Economic Forum

Jan 23rd, 2015 | By
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China’s Premier has pledged to cut the percentage of fossil fuel in China’s energy mix while scaling up the use of renewable energy and clean technologies. Li Keqiang was speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland and outlined his commitment to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around

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The Climate vs The Weather

Jan 23rd, 2015 | By
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On September 2, 2014, it began to rain heavily in Kashmir. Over the next few weeks, the excessive rain translated to flooding that left over 500 people dead in India and Pakistan. A little more than a year earlier, in June 2013, intense rain battered Uttaranchal, causing landslides and exacerbating glacier melt, leaving thousands dead.

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Time For a Fruitful Climate Treaty

Jan 23rd, 2015 | By




The United Nations framework convention on climate change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental tr­eaty negotiated at the United Nations conference on environment and development (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The objective of the treaty is to “stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level

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Scientists Say Rise in Sea Levels is Faster Than Feared

Jan 22nd, 2015 | By
CROP-Cottesloe-beach




Sea level rise for most of the 20th century may have been over-estimated by as much as 30%. But the less welcome news is that, if that’s the case, then sea levels since 1990 have started to accelerate more sharply than anyone had ever expected. Scientists at Harvard University, in the US, report in the

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UN Climate Chief: Carbon Bubble is Now a Reality

Jan 21st, 2015 | By
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Green groups have warned that huge reserves of oil, gas and coal are overvalued and could lead to a “carbon bubble”. This is because increasingly stringent climate policies will require around half of known fossil fuels to stay in the ground, instead of returning a profit to investors. Many, including oil giant Exxon Mobil, have

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Climate: Melting Glaciers Adding Dissolved Carbon to World’s Oceans

Jan 21st, 2015 | By
dachstein




As if rising sea levels aren’t enough to worry about, U.S. Geological Survey scientists say melting glaciers may also adding significant amounts of carbon to the oceans, where it’s readily available to microscopic organisms at the base of the food chain. By 2050, that carbon could total as much as 17 million tons, equal to

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Urban Transport and Climate Change

Jan 20th, 2015 | By
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Climate change is one of the biggest challenges to sustainable development. It is pertinent that policies emphasise on measures that are conducive to mitigating Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and to facilitating adaptation to changes that are likely to take place. Transport sector is a key contributor to global GHG emissions. According to IPCC AR5 (2014),

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Climate’s Threat to Wheat is Rising by Degrees

Jan 19th, 2015 | By
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Climate change threatens dramatic price fluctuations in the price of wheat and potential civil unrest because yields of one of the world’s most important staple foods are badly affected by temperature rise. An international consortium of scientists have been testing wheat crops in laboratory and field trials in many areas of the world in changing

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Javadekar Seeks Transboundary Cooperation to Develop Himalayan Region

Jan 19th, 2015 | By




Increased transboundary cooperation was needed to transform mountain forestry in Hindu Kush Himalayan region, Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar, who addressed the inaugural session of the five-day symposium on ‘Transforming Mountain Forestry’ said, on Sunday. The symposium, which began on Sunday, aims at creating conducive transboundary conditions, politically and institutionally, to protect the forest ecosystems

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Climate Change

Jan 19th, 2015 | By
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SUCH is the ferocious immediacy of the threat of terrorism that a whole host of other issues, some that may in the long term prove perhaps equally debilitating for the country, have ended up being pushed into the shadows. The battle against polio springs immediately to mind. Another such area is climate change, the effects

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Revisiting Mountain Perspective: Reasons And Challenges

Jan 19th, 2015 | By
Van Mundoli in Chamoli-Photo Samvedi Dehradun-1




K N Vajpai: This article is in the series of responses to an article on ‘Mountain Perspective’ at Link. It looks in to the aspects of mountain perspective and specificities as mentioned by Dr. N. S. Jodha during 1992s, and compares them in present  context. However, there are a number of doubts upon the relevance

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Last Year Was Earth’s Hottest on Record, U.S. Scientists Say

Jan 18th, 2015 | By
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(Reuters) – Last year was Earth’s hottest on record in a new sign that people are disrupting the climate by burning fossil fuels that release greenhouse gases to the air, two U.S. government agencies said on Friday. The White House said the studies, by the U.S. space agency NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric

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Climate Change, Extinctions Signal Earth in Danger Zone: Study

Jan 18th, 2015 | By




(Reuters) – – Climate change and high rates of extinctions of animals and plants are pushing the Earth into a danger zone for humanity, a scientific report card about mankind’s impact on nature said on Thursday. An international team of 18 experts, expanding on a 2009 report about “planetary boundaries” for safe human use, also

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Village Saves World From Climate Change

Jan 18th, 2015 | By




Having declared their region climate-caring in November 2014, farmers in Terong village, Bantul regency, Yogyakarta, have backed up their words with actions by not cutting down trees in the area before time. The postponement of the logging has been enacted in the hope that the trees will absorb carbon dioxide (CO2), thus mitigating the effects

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Removing CO2 From the Atmosphere

Jan 16th, 2015 | By
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For the average Central European citizen, the temperatures of the Libyan desert are probably quite hard to cope with. However, these are the climatic conditions that, according to the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Central Europeans will face in the year 2300. By then, climate researcher Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, director of the PIK,

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Graphic Clearly Shows Human Pressure on Earth Reaching Critical Level

Jan 16th, 2015 | By




Using 24 key social, economic, and environmental indicators, our friend Félix Pharand-Deschênes has created a dashboard that shows how human pressure on planet Earth is reaching critical level. Fast. The acceleration shown over the last 60 years is absolutely crazy. Zoom in. Freak out. Just look at those curves-some of them exponential. World population and

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Climate Change Poses Major Security Threat to Pakistan

Jan 16th, 2015 | By
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With far-reaching consequences like food scarcity, climate change is a major security challenge and countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh can take lessons from the Arab Spring that was triggered by high food prices Could Pakistan become destabilised because of climate change? Could the continuous cycles of floods and droughts result in food scarcity, leading to

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Obama to Slash Methane Emissions 45% by 2025

Jan 15th, 2015 | By
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The White House laid out its long-awaited strategy to reduce emissions of methane from the oil and gas industry on Wednesday. Methane, a greenhouse gas that has 25 times the warming effect of carbon dioxide, must be reduced to 40-45% below 2012 levels by 2025, the government announced. The Environmental Protection Agency will issue proposed

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Sea Level Rise Quickens More Than Thought in Threat to Coasts

Jan 15th, 2015 | By
Women walk through a coastal ghost forest believed to be caused by sea level rise on Assateague Island in Virginia




(Reuters) – Sea level rise in the past two decades has accelerated faster than previously thought in a sign of climate change threatening coasts from Florida to Bangladesh, a study said on Wednesday. The report, reassessing records from more than 600 tidal gauges, found that readings from 1901-90 had over-estimated the rise in sea levels.

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Scientists Concerned Over Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture

Jan 15th, 2015 | By




Scientists and researchers struck a note of concern over the projected impact of climate change on Indian agriculture, especially coastal areas, and livestock at the just-concluded international conference on Bio-resource and Stress Management here. Laxman Singh Rathore, Director-General, Indian Meteorological Department, set the tone for the discussions by pointing out that mean warming in India

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Single SDG Targets are Impractical and Unrealistic

Jan 14th, 2015 | By
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Numbers should be used to engage stakeholders, not benchmark nations’ progress, say David Sumpter and colleagues. Weather forecasts and predictions for changes to the global climate have greatly improved over the last 20 years. Scientists have also improved at communicating these predictions, including any uncertainty. For example, a rain forecast may be assigned a 30

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Far From Rising Seas, Climate Change Plagues Kathmandu

Jan 14th, 2015 | By
Nepal-k4eD--621x414@LiveMint




A month’s walk from the nearest sea, Kathmandu—elevation almost a mile—is as vulnerable to climate change as the world’s coastal megacities. The capital of the poorest Asian country after Afghanistan already is feeling the effect: Rising temperatures are crimping power and food supplies as rural migrants stream to a city of 1 million that’s among

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Small Volcanic Eruptions are Key to Warming Hiatus

Jan 13th, 2015 | By
CROP-volcano




Researchers now have a new explanation for the so-called slowdown in global warming in this century. They blame it on not very dramatic, small-scale volcanic eruptions. This is a new twist in a puzzling story. In 1991, a catastrophic eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines hurled 20 million tonnes of sulphur dioxide into the

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South Korea Launches Asia’s First National Carbon Market

Jan 13th, 2015 | By
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Asia’s first national carbon market began trading in South Korea this week. Second in size only to Europe’s, the carbon market forms part of South Korea’s strategy to cut emissions 30% in 2020, compared to business as usual. The first permits changed hands on the Korea Exchange at US$7-8 a tonne on Monday, similar to

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Warming Oceans Speeding up Climate Change Cycle

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
Peacekeeping - UNMIT




The warming oceans could start to return more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere as the planet warms, according to new research.  And since 70% of the planet is covered by clear blue water, anything that reduces the oceans’ capacity to soak up and sequester carbon could only make climate change more certain and more swift.

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Pakistan’s Coastal Villagers Retreat as Seas Gobble Land

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
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Reuters: For fisherman Sammar Dablo it was as if “the seawater stole our homes” when land erosion forced his village to relocate further inland on Pakistan’s south coast. The people of the fan-shaped Indus Delta, where the Indus River meets the Arabian Sea, are among the poorest of the poor, mostly illiterate and living in

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Underworld Holds Vital Clues to Carbon Cycle Puzzle

Jan 8th, 2015 | By
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More trees and more vigorous vegetation growth may not soak up atmospheric carbon, according to new research. Instead, more lusty tree roots could goad the soil microbe population into releasing as carbon dioxide so much more old carbon stored in the soil. And since the planet’s store of soil carbon is at least twice the quantity locked

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How Much Fuel We Need To Leave Buried To Beat Climate Change

Jan 8th, 2015 | By




In 2010, United Nations member states agreed to try to hold the planet’s temperatures to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels. It was a goal that acknowledged it was too late to stop the planet from warming, so instead we aimed to cap the potential damage from rising temperatures and sea levels.

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‘Fears of Man-made Global Warming Exaggerated’

Jan 7th, 2015 | By
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Two of three scientists at a session on climate change and society at the Indian Science Congress on Tuesday felt fears of man-made global warming were greatly exaggerated. Their presence at the conference was particularly significant in light of the current ‘development-versus-envir- onment’ debates. “While I agree that glaciers are melting because of global warming,

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Scientists’ Role in Dealing with Climate Change Crucial: Experts

Jan 6th, 2015 | By
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Scientists have a greater role to play in climate change mitigation in the changing world. This was stated by Dr Ashwani Kumar, Director General, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), while speaking during the inaugural session of the five-day training programme for scientists and technologists working in the government sector on “climate change

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Paris Climate Talks the Most Significant Task Ahead of us in 2015

Jan 6th, 2015 | By




23 months and counting This year’s almost mythic, defining task is to roll the boulder of a new climate agreement uphill to Paris. There’s a whole sack of new sustainable development goals to sign-off as well. Intended to allow the whole human population to thrive within planetary boundaries, these 17 principal goals were meant to

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China Plans to Extend Green Vehicle Subsidies Until 2020

Jan 5th, 2015 | By
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(Reuters) – China will extend subsidies for new energy “green” vehicles to 2020, according to draft rules published on Tuesday, extending the current incentive scheme which expires at the end of 2015. The policy represents China’s latest effort to fight severe pollution and snarling traffic and is a boon to firms such as Warren Buffett-backed

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DMRC comes under UN’s Clean Development Mechanism

Jan 5th, 2015 | By
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PTI: The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has been registered as the world’s first transport sector project under the Programme of Activities (PoA) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), enabling it to quantify climate change benefit from all metro operations in India, a statement said on Sunday. The move will also

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Optimism Over-supply, Action Short-supply

Jan 4th, 2015 | By
A general view of the surrounding cityscape from the top of the Ostankino television tower in Moscow




IANS: I sent New Year greetings to all my friends who are prominent members of the climate negotiating teams of their governments. It ran thus: “CO2operation and Not CO2nflicts! Let 2015 be year of Paris ProtoCO2l on Climate. Happy New Year!” One of the friends from a large emerging economy immediately shot back: “Why do

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India Engages with World Leaders on Phasing Down HFCs

Jan 4th, 2015 | By
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After six years of gridlock, India is stepping forward in discussions with over 180 countries on protecting our climate and moving forward with a global phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), super potent heat-trapping greenhouse gases. At the Montreal Protocol’s discussions today in Paris, India’s Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar made it clear that India was ready to take action

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Warming World Already Causing Dramatic Changes, Say Scientists

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By
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Lumberjacks are selecting different trees, US fishermen are sailing further north to catch black sea bass, desert birds are nesting later in California and Arizona, and one kind of wildflower is changing shape in the Rocky Mountains − and all in response to climate change, according to new research. None of these responses is simple,

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Useful UN Climate Treaty Unlikely in 2015

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By
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There will not be a meaningful United Nations climate agreement signed in Paris in 2015, even if a treaty is cobbled together. The reason is simple: The United Nations basic approach, created in 1992, cannot work. Data shows the UN’s operational framework, on which all UN decisions are based, is ineffective and fundamentally flawed. The

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All Leaders Must Rise to the Challenge for December 2015, Warns Outgoing EU Climate Chief

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By




Climate change talks next year will be make or break for international efforts to curb global warming, with the credibility of the UN-backed process at stake, the outgoing EU climate chief, Connie Hedegaard, has warned. World leaders are expected to sign an agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions from 2020 onwards at a Paris conference

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Crowdfunded “Ice Stupas” Help Ladakh Adapt to Climate Change

Dec 30th, 2014 | By
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“If you cannot stop it, adapt to it.” This is the mantra of a tiny village — situated on the slopes of breathtaking Himalayan desert mountains of Ladakh — to survive climate change in the extreme north of India. With the glaciers they depend on for water melting too fast in summer and not enough

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2015: A Year for Carbon Pricing, Peer Pressure and Paris

Dec 29th, 2014 | By
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The year 2015 is burned into climate watchers’ brains, and internal satnavs set to Paris. In December, this is where negotiators from around the world are set to strike a global deal to tackle climate change. What happens in the next 12 months politically, economically and environmentally could make or break that deal. Parallel efforts on

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Interconnected World: Banuri Links Growth With Social Justice, Climate Issues

Dec 29th, 2014 | By
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The idea of sustainable development remains to be incomplete without addressing growth, social justice and environmental issues simultaneously as they all are interlinked and can’t be taken in isolation, Professor Dr Tariq Banuri, a pioneer development expert and academic says. “Other issues will not be resolved if we simply focus on growth as we did

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When the Sea Came Home

Dec 29th, 2014 | By




Ten years cannot wipe out memories of the wall of water that wrecked human life and property, with Banda Aceh on the Sumatran coast bearing the brunt of the earthquake and a series of tsunamis in the Indian Ocean region in 2004. The death of loved ones and the loss of livelihoods and homes still

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Why Russia Should Ally With China and India on Carbon Rules

Dec 26th, 2014 | By
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Russia, China and India, the world’s top three net carbon exporters, should unite and start putting pressure on the UN climate talks to adopt rules for sharing the burden of emissions associated with international trade in a more equitable way, Russian economists suggest. Today, a country’s annual greenhouse gas emissions are counted as the sum of all carbon

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Winter Rain Decoded by IITM Researchers

Dec 26th, 2014 | By
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The heavy downpour during the winter chill has been attributed to western disturbances coupled with changes in climate owing to global warming. Post-monsoon rain, winter rain in particular, has been witnessing a gradual increase over the decades. This December, it beat the earlier record of winter rain registered in the city on December 22, 1942.

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The 5 Most Important Developments in Climate Change in 2014

Dec 26th, 2014 | By
were-getting-there




This year may go down as one of the more consequential years for action to prevent the worst effects of climate change. I have written in the past about why fighting climate change is proving to be such a challenge, but an end-of-the-year reflection on what we are getting right might make for a refreshing

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Rapid Increase in Arctic Temperature is Spreading South

Dec 25th, 2014 | By
CROP-finland




Climate scientists are confident that the Arctic is warming more than twice as fast as any other part of the planet, but now comes evidence from researchers in Finland that the rising temperatures are being felt further south than the polar regions. Most governments have agreed that the global temperature should not be allowed to

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Review of National Targets Must for Climate Action: Pachauri

Dec 25th, 2014 | By
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While India and other countries have been opposing a review of their national contributions to tackle climate change, chairperson of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Dr. R. K. Pachauri is firm that unless there is a process of review in place, the direction the world is taking to tackle climate change will not

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The Pit Stop at Lima

Dec 25th, 2014 | By
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It is now common knowledge that the countries at the negotiating table on climate change are actually negotiating the mother of all economic treaties, one whose implications may dwarf those of the WTO agreements. This is because, at the bottom, the countries are largely deciding on a global rationing scheme of affordable energy resources, and

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