All entries by this author

Lima Climate Talks: Narrow Outcome Gives More Clarity on Path to Paris

Dec 16th, 2014 | By
sea-temperature-map-Lima-300x199




The annual United Nations climate talks concluded in Lima, Peru, with a narrow outcome that provides some additional clarity on the path to finalizing a new climate agreement next year in Paris. Nations were able to make limited progress on the modest goals expected of them, including: clarifying how countries will report their “intended nationally determined

[continue reading…]






Water Scarcity is a Danger Sign – Time to Innovate, and Fast

Dec 15th, 2014 | By
drought-bert-kaufmann-flickr




The experts from the African Ministerial Council on Water (AMCOW), Global Water Partnership and CARICOM also called for water managers to build on their local innovations for climate resilience – and to get savvier about communicating solutions to policy-makers. The event was an opportunity to learn about common problems and possible solutions across Africa, Central

[continue reading…]






India Betters China in Climate-change Efforts

Dec 15th, 2014 | By




China and US are the biggest polluters in the world, with India ranking third, according to the 2015 Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) report. The CCPI, put out by German Watch and the Climate Action Network, however offers some consolation — India has climbed five spots and is ranked 31st in the CCPI table. “India

[continue reading…]






Climate Change Creates New Geography of Food

Dec 15th, 2014 | By
2014_1214clif_




The magnitude of the climate changes brought about by global warming and the alterations in rainfall patterns are modifying the geography of food production in the tropics, warned participants at the climate summit in the Peruvian capital. That was the main concern among experts in food security taking part in the 20th session of the

[continue reading…]






China’s Glaciers Shrink by a Fifth Since the 1950s

Dec 15th, 2014 | By
glacier-2




China’s glaciers have retreated by 18 per cent over the past half century, a comprehensive survey has found, as some experts warn of “chain effects” that could have an impact on water supplies in the country’s western regions. An average of 244 sq km of glacial ice had disappeared every year since the late 1950s,

[continue reading…]






Experts Stress Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Dec 15th, 2014 | By




Minister for Foreign Affairs Mahendra Bahadur Pandey has stressed that the Post 2015 Development Agenda should be built based on the achievements and experiences of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and said that they should address three dimensions — social, economic development and environment protection. So far, the MDGs, an initiative of the United Nations, have

[continue reading…]






Deep Concern Over Invisible Threat to Antarctic Glaciers

Dec 14th, 2014 | By
CROP-Antarctic_Sea_Ice_-_Amundsen_Sea




The Antarctic ice shelf is under threat from a silent, invisible agency – and the rate of melting of glaciers has trebled in the last two decades. The ocean waters of the deep circumpolar current that swirl around the continent have been getting measurably warmer and nearer the ocean surface over the last 40 years,

[continue reading…]






Full Economic Potential of Carbon-Rich Mangroves Remains Untapped, Finds New UN Report

Dec 14th, 2014 | By
viewimage.aspx




The economic and social benefits of mangroves – which are estimated to run into the hundreds of billions worldwide – remain largely untapped due to a lack of carbon finance mechanisms, appropriate policy interventions, and rapid mangrove deforestation, according to a new United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report launched today at the 20th Conference of

[continue reading…]






UN’s Technology Mechanism Launches First Project in Chile

Dec 14th, 2014 | By
1E07DBC7365BFBBA87AFEE7F676DE006




The first research project to be funded under the UN’s Technology Mechanism, a process that supports the development of technologies that can help mitigate climate change, has kicked off. The project, which involves designing a network to monitor Chile’s biodiversity in the context of climate change, began the week before the UN’s COP 20 climate

[continue reading…]






Nepal Raises Mountain Issue at Peru Meet

Dec 14th, 2014 | By




Nepal has called on global leaders to provide urgent and greater investments in the vulnerable communities in the mountains. In a statement presented on behalf of the Least Developed Countries (LDC) at the ongoing at the 20th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change at Lima, Peru, on Wednesday,

[continue reading…]






Climate Change Deal Agreed At UN Negotiations In Peru

Dec 14th, 2014 | By
un-climate-change-deal




United Nations member states have agreed an agreement on tackling climate change at negotiations in Peru, that ran days longer than scheduled. The deal will see each country set a target to reduce carbon emissions by next year. It also significantly departs from one of the core principles of recent international climate change negotiations —

[continue reading…]






Tackling Global Warming: Climate Change Driving Migration to Urban Areas, Says Speakers

Dec 14th, 2014 | By
806512-globalwarming-1418499303-872-640x480




The Pathways to Resilience in Semi-Arid Economies (PRISE) countries have poor healthcare and educational conditions and high population growth, poverty and urbanisation rates. Rural-urban migration is becoming one of the most obvious factors induced by climate change, which is profoundly changing the society as whole in Pakistan. These views were expressed by speakers at a

[continue reading…]






Vulnerable to Climate Change: South Asia at Risk of Food, Water Insecurity

Dec 12th, 2014 | By
805585-farmer-1418328282-954-640x480




Environment and food security experts have said that better water management is essential to ensure food security in South Asia. They were speaking at a panel on “Water and Food Security in South Asia in the Era of Climate Change” as part of the three-day “Pathways to Sustainable Development” conference, organised by the Sustainable Development

[continue reading…]






Lima Climate Summit: Saarc Stands Up to be Counted as One

Dec 12th, 2014 | By




The Saarc bloc has finally emerged as a united force at the ongoing climate talks with ministers and key representatives of all eight member countries formally sealing the existence of south Asia as a common entity here as far as putting across their stand at the UN forum is concerned. TOI had last week suggested

[continue reading…]






U.N. Carbon Scheme Investors Unlikely to Get Lifeline From Lima

Dec 12th, 2014 | By
vignette




Reuters: Hundreds of companies in developing countries that invested in projects to generate UN-backed carbon credits had hoped the Lima climate talks would yield measures boosting the price of the credits, but they are likely to be disappointed. Negotiators and carbon market experts say that discussions at the UN climate conference have not seriously addressed

[continue reading…]






John Kerry Warns of ‘Moral Failure’ at Climate Conference

Dec 12th, 2014 | By




If an ambitious agreement is not reached urgently to tackle the grave threat posed by climate change, it would be seen by future generations as a “massive collective moral failure”, according to US secretary of state John Kerry. In a powerful and impassioned speech at the UN’s Lima climate conference, he said every nation had

[continue reading…]






‘India Playing a Proactive Role in Climate Discussions’

Dec 12th, 2014 | By




Union Environment and Forests Minister Prakash Javadekar stressed on India’s commitment to protecting the interests of the poor at the international climate community meeting in Lima this week. The meeting in Peru will discuss draft text of an agreement to be signed in Paris next year and countries are expected to come up with their

[continue reading…]






When COPs Converge: The Biodiversity And Climate Link

Dec 11th, 2014 | By




A key theme of the 12th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 12) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) that took place two months ago was integrating biodiversity targets into other parts of the United Nations development process. That theme has found voice at several side events at the 20th meeting of

[continue reading…]






‘Regional Cooperation Critical for Development’

Dec 11th, 2014 | By
804402-mamnoon_anticorruption-1418158511-335-640x480




“Regional governments should not only focus on economic growth but also address the core issues of inequality, poverty, social justice and promote peace,” President Mamnoon Hussain said. He was addressing the opening session of the three-day conference on “Pathways to Sustainable Development,” organised by the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI). “South Asia has achieved impressive

[continue reading…]






Cities Could be the Secret to Fighting Climate Change

Dec 11th, 2014 | By
image-20141210-6039-3nkmde




The world’s population could reach almost 10 billion by 2050. Most people will live in cities. To accommodate an additional 3 billion people, we’ll need to build the equivalent of one new city, that can support one million people, every five days between now and 2050. Currently cities consume 78% of the world’s energy and

[continue reading…]






‘Ensure Differently-abled’s Right to Sanitation’

Dec 11th, 2014 | By




Representatives from government and non-government agencies as well as social workers today laid emphasis on ensuring legal provisions for persons with disabilities to address their right to water and sanitation with accessible infrastructure, including taps and toilets in private houses, housing colonies and public places. The representatives said construction of water and sanitation facilities for

[continue reading…]






Time Presses as Climate Talks Head for Penultimate Day

Dec 11th, 2014 | By
peru-climate-march




 AFP/ec: Environment ministers from around the world face mounting time pressure on Thursday (Dec 11) to shape a blueprint for a global pact on climate change with ground-breaking carbon curbs at its core. There are concerns over an unwieldy draft text, intended to guide negotiations that by Dec 2015 must forge the most ambitious environmental

[continue reading…]






India Against Keeping Poverty Reduction Priority Out of Climate Pact

Dec 11th, 2014 | By




India on Wednesday reiterated its commitment to “protecting the interests of the poor” at the Lima Climate Change talks, challenging rich nations who want to keep poverty eradication out of a list of priorities for developing countries in a new climate pact to be signed next year in Paris. At Lima, nations were expected to

[continue reading…]






Government Admits Hydropower Projects Aggravated 2013 Uttarakhand Floods

Dec 11th, 2014 | By
Flood aftermath in Kedarnath, a huge land mass towards Mandakini cut of




The Centre on Monday admitted for the first time that hydropower projects had “direct and indirect impact in the aggravation of floods” that hit Uttarakhand in 2013, killing hundreds and leaving thousands homeless. It also said that the projects caused “irreversible damage” to the environment and enhanced landslides and other disasters. Filing its affidavit in

[continue reading…]






India Claims Plan for New Energy Mix is a Game-changer

Dec 10th, 2014 | By
CROP-India_One_Solar_Thermal_Power_Plant




India’s contribution to global carbon emissions was only 7% last year, yet there are fears being expressed in the western world that rapid population growth and development will mean this vast country will soon be a major polluter − like its neighbour, China. For the world, it is a continued worry that if the country

[continue reading…]






Earth at ‘Tipping Point,’ UN General Assembly President Warns, Urging Climate Reform

Dec 10th, 2014 | By
600243-SamKutesa




Planet earth is “moving towards the tipping point” warned the President of the United Nations General Assembly at UN climate talks in Peru, where he called for world leaders to take urgent action towards a climate agreement that promotes socio-economic development in a sustainable manner. Briefing reporters in Lima ahead of his address to the

[continue reading…]






India Among Moderate-Performers on Climate Change

Dec 10th, 2014 | By
factory_climate20141208




India has been named as a moderate-performing country in combating climate change with Australia being the worst in this sphere, according to a report released at climate negotiations here. India was ranked 31 in terms of its performance in tackling climate change among the world’s top 58 emitters of greenhouse gases. “India climbs five places

[continue reading…]






Lima Climate Talks: South American Diplomats Hopeful of Progress on Deal

Dec 10th, 2014 | By
A-participant-at-Lima-Cli-010




South American diplomats expect to make progress towards a global climate deal at this week’s UN talks in Lima, despite growing criticism from NGOs that governments in the region are backtracking on pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect the environment. Senior officials from the host, Peru, and biggest regional emitter, Brazil, told the

[continue reading…]






Goal to End Fossil Fuels by 2050 Surfaces in Lima UN Climate Documents

Dec 9th, 2014 | By
70d29d82-1e9e-48d7-9d10-c6e6b45b1e5d-460x276




It’s a rare thing when you can point to paragraphs in a United Nations climate negotiating text and feel they more or less match what most of the science says should become a reality. Yet in Lima on Monday, it happened. Our little revolutionary moment comes in a document with the memorable title “ADP 2-7

[continue reading…]






Daunting Tasks at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima

Dec 9th, 2014 | By
image




Ministers from dozens of countries, including Minister for Energy and Natural Resources Alex White, arriving in Lima for the final week of UN climate negotiations face the daunting task of bridging wide gaps on the shape and content of a global deal. These divisions between developed and developing countries resurfaced as the Philippines was hit

[continue reading…]






IPCC: A whopping $500 Billion Will be Needed Annually by 2050 to Adapt to Climate Change

Dec 9th, 2014 | By
climate_change




International Business Times: As much as $500 billion per year may be needed by 2050 to help developing nations adapt to climate change, according to the United Nations — a significant increase over the $100 billion estimated previously by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The new figures were part of the first

[continue reading…]






Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar to Highlight India’s Solar Push

Dec 9th, 2014 | By
javadekar




The recently-decided plan to go for a massive increase in solar power generation in the country will figure prominently in the statement of Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar when he tells the delegates at the Lima climate conference about the steps India is taking to combat climate change. Only last month, the government decided that it

[continue reading…]






Climate Neutrality – the Lifeboat Launched by Lima

Dec 9th, 2014 | By
COP20-11




(IPS) – Packed into stifling meeting rooms in the Peruvian capital, delegates from 195 countries are trying to find a path that would make it possible for the planet to reach climate neutrality in the second half of this century – the only way to avoid irreversible damage, scientists warn. Climate neutrality is defined as

[continue reading…]






Plea for South Asia to Unite in Fight Against Climate Risks

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
CROP-Flood-bangladesh-Balaram-Mahalder




The countries of South Asia need to stand together in their efforts to push for more finance from the developed world to help them adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change,  a prominent regional expert says. Saleemul Huq, from Bangladesh, a lead negotiator for the group of Least Developed Countries told a fringe meeting

[continue reading…]






Biodiversity Protection is Key to REDD+ Success: Study

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
1023_biodiversity_horbill_360




Protecting biodiversity may be crucial for successfully storing carbon in forests, scientists say. A recent publication on Oryx – The International Journal of Conservation suggests that biodiversity loss –especially through hunting – will hinder the success of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects. As an initiative to combat climate change by storing

[continue reading…]






UN Secretary General Says no Plans to Reduce Sustainable Development Goals

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
Ban Ki-moon




The UN secretary general has ruled out any immediate cut in the number of proposed sustainable development goals with the launch on Thursday of his synthesis report, The Road to Dignity by 2030 (pdf). In the report, Ban Ki-moon reaffirmed the 17 goals and 169 targets proposed by the UN open working group that will

[continue reading…]






Are We Closer to Carbon Emission Targets?

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
CORRECTION Climate Top Six Polluters




The 20th session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP20) is under way in Lima. Parties will continue discussions on their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) in preparation for the post-2020 agreement in Paris next year. Optimism

[continue reading…]






UN Lima Climate Talks Hit by Rift Over Funding and Adaptation Commitments

Dec 8th, 2014 | By
lima-talks




Negotiators at the UN climate talks in Lima have encountered yet another stumbling block with nations divided over including finance and adaptation commitments in national action plans. The European Union and Japan want national offers to be focused only on mitigation actions to reduce planet-warming emissions. Brazil, on the other hand, wants countries to be able

[continue reading…]






Hydro Nano Gas could be the Answer for Neutralizing Carbon Fuel Emissions

Dec 8th, 2014 | By




Hydro Infra Technologies (HIT), a Swedish clean tech company based in Stockholm, has developed an innovative patent pending approach for neutralizing carbon fuel emissions by generating a novel gas called Hydro Nano Gas (HNG). In spite of all the advancement happening in the energy sector, global economies are still dependent on fossil fuels as the

[continue reading…]






Oil Companies at Climate Talks Dismiss ‘Carbon Bubble’ Fears

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
BP_oil_drilling_800-600x337




As diplomats in Lima work towards a global deal to combat climate change, oil industry representatives are taking comfort from the slow pace of talks. Analysts say an effective deal to limit dangerous global warming would slash demand for fossil fuels and the value of oil companies. Earlier this week, the Bank of England launched

[continue reading…]






The Emissions Gap Report 2014: a UNEP Synthesis Report

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
-The Emissions Gap Report 2014-November 2014EGR2014_cover




Over the past four years the “emissions gap” series published by the United Nations Environment Programme has analysed the size of the gap and has provided insights on options to close it. This fifth report provides an updated measure of the emissions gap. In addition, this year’s update of the analysis calculates an emissions gap

[continue reading…]






Week Ends on Optimism in Lima

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
06IN_LPN_PERU_CLIM_2234979f




As the first week of the UN climate talks draws to a close, the initial despair has turned to optimism but there is still a long way to go in terms of finalising key elements for contributions from countries or a draft agreement for Lima. Saleemul Huq, the director of the International Centre for Climate Change &

[continue reading…]






Adapting to a Warmer Climate Could Cost Almost Three Times as Much as Thought: UN report

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
Cost of Climate change: Coatal erosion in Bangladesh as Padma River continues to devour banks




The Guardian: Adapting to a warmer world will cost hundreds of billions of dollars and up to three times as much as previous estimates, even if global climate talks manage to keep temperature rises below dangerous levels, warns a report by the UN. The first United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) ‘Adaptation Gap Report’ shows a

[continue reading…]






India Says Carbon Emissions Will Grow as it Drives to Beat Poverty

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
prakashjavadekar-kByB--621x414@LiveMint




The world must accept that India’s per capita carbon emissions will need to rise rapidly if it is to eliminate poverty, the environment minister said on Friday, as delegates meet in Lima for key UN climate change talks. India, the world’s third largest carbon emitter, is under growing pressure to set out a strategy to

[continue reading…]






Why Unborn Children Must be Part of the UN Climate Deal

Dec 7th, 2014 | By
IMG_0066-600x337




In terms of climate change, youth are the future, and therefore will see the worsening of climate impacts. We will see sea level rising, ecosystems changing, populations moving. We will be the ones to feel its impacts on economy and society: we will fear for our children, for our jobs, and for our lives. Without

[continue reading…]






Warmer Seas Could Cause Faster Melting of Antarctic ice Leading to Rising Sea Levels

Dec 5th, 2014 | By
6291cd90-51c3-491b-b74d-9984823b076e-620x372




Warming water under Antarctica’s ice shelves risks ice melting that could lead to a “worrying” rise in global sea levels, research has shown. Loss of the Antarctic ice shelves, which extend from the southern polar land mass over the underwater continental shelf, are likely to result in the glaciers behind them flowing more rapidly into

[continue reading…]






China Outlines Vision for 2015 UN Climate Change Deal

Dec 5th, 2014 | By
su-wei-source-flickr-world-resources-cropped16-by-9




As the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, China is critical to the success of international efforts to tackle climate change. When softly spoken lead negotiator Su Wei held a press briefing on day four of UN climate talks in Lima, journalists hung on his every word. China will publish its national contribution “if not in

[continue reading…]






India Calls for Strong Adaptation Measures at Lima Climate Talks

Dec 5th, 2014 | By




Members of the Indian delegation at the 20th session to the Conference of the Parties (COP20) made it clear that “adaptation is critical to the country’s development paradigm” in view of climate change. The new government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been a strong advocate of adaptation measures since coming to power in New

[continue reading…]






The Best Ways to Track the SDGs

Dec 5th, 2014 | By
43A8AAF81BE84851D20ACCC373FF5461




The indicators to measure the success of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were an afterthought devised by UN officials “in a dark room in New York and thrust down countries’ throats” and, as such, were a lost opportunity, says Guido Schmidt-Traub, executive director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). To ensure the

[continue reading…]






COP 20 in Lima: Africa at Disproportionate Risk from Climate Change

Dec 5th, 2014 | By
459371180-1024x682




Today, the Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) begins in Lima (Peru) and is widely seen – as Elias Ntungwe Ngalame in an article for Deutsche Welle (DW) rightly notes – by environmental experts “as a crucial springboard to COP 21 in Paris” next year. Naturally, the large

[continue reading…]






‘They Say That in 30 Years Maybe Kiribati Will Disappear’

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
Batiri Tataio and her grandson Mikaere of Temaiku on South Tarawa, Kiribati




The highest point on South Tarawa, the capital island of Kiribati, survives behind a wall of sandbags and rock. It lies so close to the sea that one of the agile kids who make up almost half the population could leap from the top and land in the water three metres below. Across the Pacific

[continue reading…]






EU Calls For Legally Binding Emissions Cuts At Lima COP20

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
climate-agreements-570x240




At Tuesday’s Lima COP20 meeting, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action opened its 13th session. The main event of the day, this ADP meeting started off with the preparations for next year’s Paris agreement. Co-chair Kishan Kumarsingh opened the main plenary of the Lima COP20 with negotiations on the

[continue reading…]






COP20: Make or Break for Developing Countries on New Climate Deal

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
LQpQa2Ywfi4U1eou_bcMUj_NwzgTfxhzm5EdgIW3Ud-zg48J9KJzNZLaaL--Fiwgz3Hcb2IdxD0YzBIkNCKkLwGrUzZXJ4V1hGuNX9fSAQpXlvCNei--RiZ7MAnyF-jTig




On Monday, the first day of the 20th U.N. Climate Change Conference in Lima, Peru, the atmosphere was hopeful but with an undertone of urgency as UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres noted COP20 “must make history” in the battle against global warming. “This is it” was the message coming from delegates and observers in the hallways in

[continue reading…]






A Conference Expands the Debate Over Hydropower in Bhutan

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
participants-at-E3-conference-credit-Dasho-Benji-Dorji




Hydropower is the mainstay of the Bhutanese economy, but how is the country moving ahead in its development? Is the present method of constructing hydropower projects conducive to economic development? Does it make sense for Bhutan to build 10,000 megawatts of hydropower by 2020, as some have suggested? These were some of the questions that

[continue reading…]






Finance for Climate Action Flowing Globally

Dec 4th, 2014 | By
viewimage




Hundreds of billions of dollars of climate finance may now be flowing across the globe annually according to a landmark assessment presented today to governments meeting in Lima, Peru at the UN Climate Convention meeting. The assessment – which includes a summary and recommendations by the UNFCCC Standing Committee on Finance and a technical report

[continue reading…]






Climate Smart Villages Help Women Farmers in Nepal

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By
965D21A8F471C719109BC9BC877C4E40




Seven years ago, Tanka Maya Magar, who lives on the outskirts of Belbari, a town in Morang district in eastern Nepal, suddenly had to do something she had never done before. Her husband had moved to Qatar to earn money and so it was now up to her to run their family farm, a job

[continue reading…]






Development and Climate Days at UN Climate Talks to Highlight ‘Historic Opportunity’ to Reduce Poverty and Emissions to Zero

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By
AKA04739BAN




Extreme poverty and the impacts of climate change, which already affect many millions of people worldwide, can be overcome by far-sighted, joined-up action on both at once, the Development and Climate Days event at UN climate talks in Peru will hear. The heads of the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, the International Institute for

[continue reading…]






UN Climate Talks Set Sights on Historic Paris Pact

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By
people-attend-a




AFP/ir/ec: To fresh warnings and appeals to seize the political momentum, UN talks opened in Lima on Monday (Dec 1) tasked with drawing the outlines of a 2015 deal to roll back climate change. Gathering 195 states, the 12-day meeting also has to agree on the pact’s heart – a format for nations to make

[continue reading…]






What are the Centre and States Doing to Curb Climate Change

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By
green_2230212f




The National Green Tribunal on Monday sought response from the Centre, States and Union Territories about the measures they have been adopting to check climate change and how the governments have implemented the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar issued notices to the Ministry of

[continue reading…]






Glacial Retreat at the source of the Ganges

Dec 2nd, 2014 | By
Ganges_3(1)




When it came, the collapse of the head of the Gomurkh glacier was sudden, loud and very frightening. I say that it was frightening not because I am a particularly timid soul, but because not two minutes before, I had been standing in the very spot that was now the new location of a mass

[continue reading…]






seo packagespress release submissionsocial bookmarking services