All entries by this author

Planting More Trees Still Best Solution to Climate Change

Jan 18th, 2015 | By
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Dr. Qamar-Uz-Zaman Chaudhry, former director general of the Pakistan Meteorological Department, calls climate change a threat greater than terrorism for its ability to have a widespread effect on a country, even influencing economic policies and other plans for the future. Talking to members of the Parliamentary Task Force on Sustainable Development Goals, Chaudhry used Pakistan

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Village Saves World From Climate Change

Jan 18th, 2015 | By




Having declared their region climate-caring in November 2014, farmers in Terong village, Bantul regency, Yogyakarta, have backed up their words with actions by not cutting down trees in the area before time. The postponement of the logging has been enacted in the hope that the trees will absorb carbon dioxide (CO2), thus mitigating the effects

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Bar-headed Geese Enjoy Roller-coaster Ride Over Himalayas

Jan 16th, 2015 | By
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Bar-headed geese make one of the most dramatic migrations on the planet. The species epic trek is more impressive than the march of the penguins; it puts the monarch’s winter jaunt to Mexico to shame. Every year as snow and ice descend upon the Mongolian plains, bar-headed geese leave their breeding grounds and fly over

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Climate Change: ‘Bad Climate Deprives Coastal Areas of Spring Season’

Jan 16th, 2015 | By




The climate in the coastal areas has changed so drastically in Sindh’s coastal areas that there has been no spring season in the last 10 years. These concerns were shared by Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum (PFF) chairperson Mohammad Ali Shah as he was speaking at a policy dialogue on ‘Food Security and Climate Change’ at Regent

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Removing CO2 From the Atmosphere

Jan 16th, 2015 | By
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For the average Central European citizen, the temperatures of the Libyan desert are probably quite hard to cope with. However, these are the climatic conditions that, according to the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Central Europeans will face in the year 2300. By then, climate researcher Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, director of the PIK,

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Graphic Clearly Shows Human Pressure on Earth Reaching Critical Level

Jan 16th, 2015 | By




Using 24 key social, economic, and environmental indicators, our friend Félix Pharand-Deschênes has created a dashboard that shows how human pressure on planet Earth is reaching critical level. Fast. The acceleration shown over the last 60 years is absolutely crazy. Zoom in. Freak out. Just look at those curves-some of them exponential. World population and

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Climate Change Poses Major Security Threat to Pakistan

Jan 16th, 2015 | By
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With far-reaching consequences like food scarcity, climate change is a major security challenge and countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh can take lessons from the Arab Spring that was triggered by high food prices Could Pakistan become destabilised because of climate change? Could the continuous cycles of floods and droughts result in food scarcity, leading to

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States, Donors Must do More to Tackle Rising Disaster Risk: U.N.

Jan 15th, 2015 | By
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(Thomson Reuters Foundation) – As economic losses from disasters rise around the world, more effort is needed to reduce the risks from extreme weather and earthquakes in every area, from infrastructure to health, the United Nations disaster prevention chief said. Margareta Wahlström, head of the U.N. Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), said in an

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Obama to Slash Methane Emissions 45% by 2025

Jan 15th, 2015 | By
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The White House laid out its long-awaited strategy to reduce emissions of methane from the oil and gas industry on Wednesday. Methane, a greenhouse gas that has 25 times the warming effect of carbon dioxide, must be reduced to 40-45% below 2012 levels by 2025, the government announced. The Environmental Protection Agency will issue proposed

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Can We Fight The Floods? Yes, We Can!

Jan 15th, 2015 | By
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Year 2014 was indeed an eventful one especially in the realm of Climate Change and Natural Disasters. South Asia on a whole and Pakistan in particular once again had to face climate change debacle in the form of heavy floods across the region which not only resulted in loss of lives but also catastrophic damages

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Sea Level Rise Quickens More Than Thought in Threat to Coasts

Jan 15th, 2015 | By
Women walk through a coastal ghost forest believed to be caused by sea level rise on Assateague Island in Virginia




(Reuters) – Sea level rise in the past two decades has accelerated faster than previously thought in a sign of climate change threatening coasts from Florida to Bangladesh, a study said on Wednesday. The report, reassessing records from more than 600 tidal gauges, found that readings from 1901-90 had over-estimated the rise in sea levels.

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On the Ethics of Adapting to Climate Change

Jan 15th, 2015 | By




Along with many other economists, my view on global warming-associated climate change is that the world is most unlikely to be able to agree and coordinate globally, and then sustain for the centuries required, the growth-denying policies that would be needed if we were to limit human-induced global warming to any material effect beyond the

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Scientists Concerned Over Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture

Jan 15th, 2015 | By




Scientists and researchers struck a note of concern over the projected impact of climate change on Indian agriculture, especially coastal areas, and livestock at the just-concluded international conference on Bio-resource and Stress Management here. Laxman Singh Rathore, Director-General, Indian Meteorological Department, set the tone for the discussions by pointing out that mean warming in India

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Single SDG Targets are Impractical and Unrealistic

Jan 14th, 2015 | By
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Numbers should be used to engage stakeholders, not benchmark nations’ progress, say David Sumpter and colleagues. Weather forecasts and predictions for changes to the global climate have greatly improved over the last 20 years. Scientists have also improved at communicating these predictions, including any uncertainty. For example, a rain forecast may be assigned a 30

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Climate Confounds China’s Efforts to Ease Water Stress

Jan 14th, 2015 | By
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China, the world’s most populous nation, faces one of the planet’s most intractable water crises. And scientists say Beijing’s strategy for resolving the problem is simply making it worse. A team of international researchers say that water stress is only partially mitigated by China’s current two-pronged approach: transferring water physically to regions that are short

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Far From Rising Seas, Climate Change Plagues Kathmandu

Jan 14th, 2015 | By
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A month’s walk from the nearest sea, Kathmandu—elevation almost a mile—is as vulnerable to climate change as the world’s coastal megacities. The capital of the poorest Asian country after Afghanistan already is feeling the effect: Rising temperatures are crimping power and food supplies as rural migrants stream to a city of 1 million that’s among

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U.N. Chief Urges India to Play “Leadership” Role in Climate Change

Jan 14th, 2015 | By




(Xinhua) — United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon Tuesday urged India to take the lead in reaching a global climate change pact in Paris later this year. “I expect as one of the most critically important member state of the United Nations and as one of the fastest growing economy, India should be responsible to

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Small Volcanic Eruptions are Key to Warming Hiatus

Jan 13th, 2015 | By
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Researchers now have a new explanation for the so-called slowdown in global warming in this century. They blame it on not very dramatic, small-scale volcanic eruptions. This is a new twist in a puzzling story. In 1991, a catastrophic eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines hurled 20 million tonnes of sulphur dioxide into the

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South Korea Launches Asia’s First National Carbon Market

Jan 13th, 2015 | By
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Asia’s first national carbon market began trading in South Korea this week. Second in size only to Europe’s, the carbon market forms part of South Korea’s strategy to cut emissions 30% in 2020, compared to business as usual. The first permits changed hands on the Korea Exchange at US$7-8 a tonne on Monday, similar to

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Scientists to Help Ganges Rice Farmers Handle Climate Threat

Jan 13th, 2015 | By
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Research scientists are coming to the aid of 300 million people along the River Ganges who face a hungry future because their staple rice crop is threatened by climate change. The team of scientists and development practitioners from Australia, Bangladesh, India and Nepal plan to improve the productivity, profitability and sustainability of 7,000 small-scale farmers

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The Human Side of Climate Change

Jan 13th, 2015 | By
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Coming from Bangladesh, one of the countries worse-affected by climate change, this is an issue close to my heart. Both as a student and as a professional in the field of development, I have had the opportunity to engage with this issue in various ways – as an Ecological Representative planning and conducting awareness campaigns

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Refreeze the Arctic?

Jan 13th, 2015 | By




According to AMEG, an Arctic meltdown is nearly upon us, and the consequences will be brutal for everybody alive today. “In fact, the September sea ice volume is already down 75% with a trend to zero by September 2016, suggests that the Arctic is heading for complete meltdown, which would be a planetary catastrophe,” Ibid.

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We Are the Last Generation That Can Fight Climate Change. We Have a Duty to Act

Jan 12th, 2015 | By




This year the UN marks its 70th anniversary. Sadly, there is little time for reflection or celebration. More pressing are the competing demands and challenges fuelled by an upsurge in conflict, disease and human suffering. These compel the international community to step up and provide the leadership needed to tackle them. Ebola continues to plague

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Obama’s India Visit Could Yield Progress on Climate Change and Solar Power

Jan 12th, 2015 | By
Workers install photovoltaic solar panels at the Gujarat solar park , India




There could be progress on US-India civil nuclear cooperation, solar power and climate change when US President Barack Obama visits India in two weeks, US officials said on Sunday. While stressing there were no guarantees that some of the most vexing economic issues between India and the United States would be resolved, the officials said

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Climate Change May Halve Giant Panda’s Habitat by 2070

Jan 12th, 2015 | By
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GIANT pandas, prepare to move out. Shifting these creatures to distant reserves may be essential if they are to survive the likely impacts of climate change. Pandas are well known for their pernickety bamboo diet and lacklustre sex lives. Wild populations have been reduced to a tiny gene pool and are under new pressure from

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‘Smallest Country’ Bhutan Makes a Big Splash at Vibrant Gujarat

Jan 12th, 2015 | By
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Even as some of the world’s most influential leaders spoke at the Vibrant Gujarat, it was Bhutan’s Prime Minister who stole the limelight and the maximum applause from the audience. Calling Bhutan one of the world’s “smallest countries, sandwiched between two of the world’s biggest powers India and China,” PM Tshering Tobgay, won both cheers

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Knowledge Sharing Vital to Fight Climate Change

Jan 12th, 2015 | By




People will learn to effectively battle climate change once they pick up the idea of sharing knowledge, experience and good practices, experts and professionals told the concluding session of a four-day international conference yesterday. “Tackling climate change is inherently a learning-by-doing process,” said Dr Saleemul Huq, director of the International Centre for Climate Change and

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Warming Oceans Speeding up Climate Change Cycle

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
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The warming oceans could start to return more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere as the planet warms, according to new research.  And since 70% of the planet is covered by clear blue water, anything that reduces the oceans’ capacity to soak up and sequester carbon could only make climate change more certain and more swift.

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Giving a Voice to the ‘Missing’ Women in India’s Climate Plans

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
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Women have the power to put India on the course to a green sustainable future:specifically, poor rural women working in the agriculture sector. India’s economy is predominately agrarian and increasingly female dominated.  80% of all economically-active women are employed by the agricultural sector. As men are migrating to urban areas for employment opportunities, partly as

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Latin American Countries at COP20

Jan 11th, 2015 | By




According to Guy Edwards and Timmons Roberts of the Brookings Institution, the Latin American countries have played a key role in the advance of the UN climate change negotiations. The results of the Lima climate conference (COP20) last December are generally considered a success, albeit a very limited one. A last minute agreement was reached

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Pakistan’s Coastal Villagers Retreat as Seas Gobble Land

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
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Reuters: For fisherman Sammar Dablo it was as if “the seawater stole our homes” when land erosion forced his village to relocate further inland on Pakistan’s south coast. The people of the fan-shaped Indus Delta, where the Indus River meets the Arabian Sea, are among the poorest of the poor, mostly illiterate and living in

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India Positive for Paris 2015 Climate Change Negotiations

Jan 11th, 2015 | By
Prakash-Javadekar




India was positive of a good outcome at the Paris 2015 climate change negotiations which must yield an agreement to keep the global temperatures from rising over two degrees Celsius, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said Saturday. “We are very positive of the Paris 2015 outcome. We want it to come out with a good outcome

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Poor Countries Shouldn’t Sacrifice Growth to Fight Climate Change

Jan 9th, 2015 | By
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Last week, a draft of the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Transform report on the potential impact of increasing international temperatures was leaked to the press. According to news accounts, the panel is set to report that the globe may possibly quickly strategy a temperature exactly where the Greenland ice sheet begins irreversibly melting. More than

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NASA Takes Climate Change Study to the Air

Jan 9th, 2015 | By
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With the goal of shedding more light on a number of Earth system processes whose effect on our climate is incompletely understood, NASA will this year launch five new airborne field campaigns. These studies will look at long-range air pollution, warming ocean waters, melting Greenland glaciers, greenhouse gas sources, fires in Africa and clouds over

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Climate Change Threatens India’s Native Plants

Jan 9th, 2015 | By
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If India is to save hundreds of endemic plant species from extinction as a result of climate change it may need to resort to interventions such as assisted migration and expansion of existing protected areas, says a new study. Vishwas Sudhir Chitale, researcher at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and corresponding author of the

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Hydropower in Bhutan – Time For a Rethink?

Jan 9th, 2015 | By
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The first international visit undertaken by India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who came to power in May 2014 with a landslide electoral victory and a personal mandate for development and governance, was to India’s tiny neighbour to the north east, the landlocked Himalayan state of Bhutan. This indicates the importance this kingdom holds for India.

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Measuring Success: Indicators For the Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans

Jan 8th, 2015 | By
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This report collates information on ecosystem-based indicators and indices currently being measure by regional entities and seeks to identify common elements. From this analysis the report postulates whether a limited generic set of indicators can be derived. A series of case studies are used to exemplify the diversity of ways indicators have been applied. For

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Underworld Holds Vital Clues to Carbon Cycle Puzzle

Jan 8th, 2015 | By
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More trees and more vigorous vegetation growth may not soak up atmospheric carbon, according to new research. Instead, more lusty tree roots could goad the soil microbe population into releasing as carbon dioxide so much more old carbon stored in the soil. And since the planet’s store of soil carbon is at least twice the quantity locked

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How Much Fuel We Need To Leave Buried To Beat Climate Change

Jan 8th, 2015 | By




In 2010, United Nations member states agreed to try to hold the planet’s temperatures to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels. It was a goal that acknowledged it was too late to stop the planet from warming, so instead we aimed to cap the potential damage from rising temperatures and sea levels.

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Crucial Year for Tackling Climate Change

Jan 8th, 2015 | By




The following is the sixth in a series of articles on the prospects for the world economy in 2015 ― Ed. Toward the end of 2014, there was incremental progress in global efforts to tackle the fallout of climate change. It is now expected that all countries will reach a broad consensus when they meet

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New Zealand’s Glaciers Melting Due to Climate Change

Jan 7th, 2015 | By




Climate change has affected New Zealand’s glaciers as tourists can no longer go to the ice on foot because of glacial retreat. Fox Glacier and the Franz Josef Glacier are now only accessible via helicopter. Local tour operator Fox Glacier Guiding has been unable to take tourists hiking since April because the glacial melt had

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Five Reasons Why Local Government Should Influence Climate Change Plans

Jan 7th, 2015 | By
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Unless we, as an international community, significantly reduce our carbon emissions by the year 2100, temperatures could soar by 4.8°C. The impact is unimaginable. This is why all eyes are on the next UN climate talks in Paris in 2015 and expectations are high. During the UN preparatory talks in Lima in December 2014, I

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Sun Shines on Union Between Solar Power and Electric Grid in Pakistan

Jan 7th, 2015 | By




(Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Amid a worsening energy crisis, Pakistan has approved the use of grid-connected solar energy, rooftop solar installations and mortgage financing for home solar panels to boost uptake of clean energy in the country. The government has also reversed course and eliminated a 32.5 percent tax imposed on imported solar equipment in

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Smart Cities: What India Needs to Learn From Berlin

Jan 7th, 2015 | By
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As its population surges, India proposes to build a hundred “smart cities”, where all sections of society get access to basic amenities and can aspire to a better life. The promise would need to be grounded in reality. The challenging process will have to be both equitable and environmentally sustainable. The planet, as the latest

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‘Fears of Man-made Global Warming Exaggerated’

Jan 7th, 2015 | By
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Two of three scientists at a session on climate change and society at the Indian Science Congress on Tuesday felt fears of man-made global warming were greatly exaggerated. Their presence at the conference was particularly significant in light of the current ‘development-versus-envir- onment’ debates. “While I agree that glaciers are melting because of global warming,

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Just Banking Seeds Won’t Guarantee Our Future Food

Jan 6th, 2015 | By
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Climate change is the biggest challenge farming has ever faced – to survive it we need to learn much more about plants, warns agriculturalist Cary Fowler Why are seed banks important? I call them an insurance policy for the globe. Without crop diversity, farming isn’t going to adapt to climate change, and neither are we.

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Beijing Pollution Levels Fall Slightly in 2014

Jan 6th, 2015 | By
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(Reuters) – Beijing recorded a slight drop in smog levels in 2014, the municipal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) said Sunday, though some pollutants remained at 150 percent above national minimum levels. The city government has restricted coal use, shut down factories and introduced new fuel standards for cars and trucks in a bid to limit

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Tibet’s Glaciers at Their Warmest

Jan 6th, 2015 | By




(Xinhuanet) — Recent decades have likely been the warmest and wettest on record in the Tibetan Plateau, known as the ‘Third Pole’ for its ice fields. A report on the region’s ecosystem published today shows climate change has been coming fast at the glaciers. The Tibetan Plateau and surrounding mountains represent one of the largest

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Scientists’ Role in Dealing with Climate Change Crucial: Experts

Jan 6th, 2015 | By
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Scientists have a greater role to play in climate change mitigation in the changing world. This was stated by Dr Ashwani Kumar, Director General, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), while speaking during the inaugural session of the five-day training programme for scientists and technologists working in the government sector on “climate change

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Paris Climate Talks the Most Significant Task Ahead of us in 2015

Jan 6th, 2015 | By




23 months and counting This year’s almost mythic, defining task is to roll the boulder of a new climate agreement uphill to Paris. There’s a whole sack of new sustainable development goals to sign-off as well. Intended to allow the whole human population to thrive within planetary boundaries, these 17 principal goals were meant to

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China Plans to Extend Green Vehicle Subsidies Until 2020

Jan 5th, 2015 | By
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(Reuters) – China will extend subsidies for new energy “green” vehicles to 2020, according to draft rules published on Tuesday, extending the current incentive scheme which expires at the end of 2015. The policy represents China’s latest effort to fight severe pollution and snarling traffic and is a boon to firms such as Warren Buffett-backed

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How Laos’s Major Dam on the Mekong is Taking Shape

Jan 5th, 2015 | By
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The Xayaburi Dam now being built on the Mekong River is part of the Laos government’s strategy to become the ‘battery of South-East Asia’. A further eight dams are proposed along the river in Laos, with two more planned on this lower part of the river in other countries. When operational, the Xayaburi Dam will

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Chinese Case

Jan 5th, 2015 | By
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Nepali agriculture is still traditional, which is why productivity is so low. Most farmers grow crops and keep livestock for their own livelihood. Rarely do they adopt technology. Under such conditions, Nepal’s institutional capacity in agricultural research and extension is unable to transform traditional agriculture into competitive commercial production system. Nepali farmers can learn from

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DMRC comes under UN’s Clean Development Mechanism

Jan 5th, 2015 | By
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PTI: The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has been registered as the world’s first transport sector project under the Programme of Activities (PoA) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), enabling it to quantify climate change benefit from all metro operations in India, a statement said on Sunday. The move will also

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Deep Sea Gardening Holds Answers for Climate Adaptation

Jan 4th, 2015 | By
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  (Indian Ocean Observatory) – At his offices in the second floor of Kibaki Flats in Bamburi Beach on Kenya’s coastal region of Mombasa, Dr David Obura has a commanding view of the Indian Ocean. Sounds of waves lapping on the beach, Indian crows on the nearby trees are a constant companion. The sea breeze

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Four New Missions to Boost Response to Climate Change

Jan 4th, 2015 | By
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Seeking to broaden India’s response to climate change, the government will soon add at least four new ‘missions’ to the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), including one to promote wind energy, and another to build preparedness to deal with impacts on human health. A programme for more effective management of India’s coastal resources

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Optimism Over-supply, Action Short-supply

Jan 4th, 2015 | By
A general view of the surrounding cityscape from the top of the Ostankino television tower in Moscow




IANS: I sent New Year greetings to all my friends who are prominent members of the climate negotiating teams of their governments. It ran thus: “CO2operation and Not CO2nflicts! Let 2015 be year of Paris ProtoCO2l on Climate. Happy New Year!” One of the friends from a large emerging economy immediately shot back: “Why do

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India Engages with World Leaders on Phasing Down HFCs

Jan 4th, 2015 | By
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After six years of gridlock, India is stepping forward in discussions with over 180 countries on protecting our climate and moving forward with a global phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), super potent heat-trapping greenhouse gases. At the Montreal Protocol’s discussions today in Paris, India’s Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar made it clear that India was ready to take action

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Warming World Already Causing Dramatic Changes, Say Scientists

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By
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Lumberjacks are selecting different trees, US fishermen are sailing further north to catch black sea bass, desert birds are nesting later in California and Arizona, and one kind of wildflower is changing shape in the Rocky Mountains − and all in response to climate change, according to new research. None of these responses is simple,

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With Climate Change, Himalayas’ Future Is Warmer, Not Necessarily Brighter

Jan 3rd, 2015 | By




(CNN) — As snow layered the trail before him, Hari Chaudhary thought it was odd. The veteran trekking guide had never seen snow on the trail in early October. The popular 21-day Annapurna Circuit takes trekkers in a horseshoe-shaped route around a majestic segment of the Himalayas in Nepal. On the 10th day of the

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