The world must accept that India’s per capita carbon emissions will need to rise rapidly if it is to eliminate poverty, the environment minister said on Friday, as delegates meet in Lima for key UN climate change talks.
India, the world’s third largest carbon emitter, is under growing pressure to set out a strategy to address climate change after the US and China agreed a deal last month under which Beijing said its emissions would peak by 2030. India has long defended the principle of “common but differentiated responsibility”—the concept that the burden of emissions reductions and financial assistance to tackle climate change belongs to developed countries. “They (China and the US) have accepted the differentiated responsibility and the need for time to be given for growth and China is four times ahead of us. So you calculate,” environment minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters in Delhi.
India’s emissions are around 1.9 tonnes per person—less than China, which emits around 7.2 tonnes per person and the 5 tonnes world average—but with a population of 1.2 billion people it is the third largest emitter and heavily reliant on thermal coal for its energy needs. Javadekar said the current UN talks in Lima, where delegates from about 190 nations are meeting during 1-12 December to work towards a UN climate treaty in 2015, were not the place to announce when India’s emissions might peak.
“We need to grow. Our emissions will grow…Our growth cannot be compromised. Poverty must be eliminated immediately,” he said.
Started in year 2010, ‘Climate Himalaya’ initiative has been working on Mountains and Climate linked issues in the Himalayan region of South Asia. In the last five years this knowledge sharing portal has become one of the important references for the governments, research institutions, civil society groups and international agencies, those have work and interest in the Himalayas. The Climate Himalaya team innovates on knowledge sharing, capacity building and climatic adaptation aspects in its focus countries like Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Climate Himalaya’s thematic areas of work are mountain ecosystem, water, forest and livelihood. Read>>