The Himalayan Times: The government says it has taken multi-sectoral approach to fight non-communicable diseases.
NCDs are responsible for 42 per cent of death annually in the country and cause 63 per cent of deaths globally — nearly 80 per cent occur in low and middle income countries, according to the World Health Organisation.
According to government’s Multi-Sectoral Action Plan (2014- 2020),
the chief secretary will coordinate annual meeting of the Steering Committee and circulate the guidelines to the stakeholders while the Ministry of Education will have to conduct health education in schools through various approaches like banning food with high trans-fat, tobacco products and alcohol. The MoE will also have to make it mandatory that schools conduct physical activities.
The Ministry of Health and Population has asked the Ministry of Youth and Sports to promote national guidelines for physical activities and diet. The Ministry of Home affairs has been directed to enforce laws against tobacco, alcohol, road and traffic. The Ministry of Agriculture Development will be required to promote production of fresh vegetables at affordable prices and monitor food safety.
“The Ministry of Information and Communications has to regulate ban on advertisement and sponsorship of alcohol and tobacco related products,” the plan read. The plan further specifies the Ministry of Industry’s role of pricing and taxation of tobacco, alcohol and food products whereas the Ministry of Commerce and Supplies has to conduct pricing and taxation of tobacco, alcohol and food products and monitor and manage import/export of goods.
The enforcement and implementation of Urban Design Drinking Water and Sanitation has to be done by the Ministry of Urban Development. The Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport has been tasked with the duty to enforce road safety regulations. The Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment has to set standards to reduce indoor air pollution and carry out environment guidelines and monitoring. The MoHP will hold mass media campaigns for prevention of NCDs and make provision of clinical services for NCD patients.
Similarly, the private sectors will strengthen their Corporate Social Responsibility activities by promoting physical activity at workplace, creating smoke-free workplaces and making work accessible to trans-fat-free food.
• In Nepal, 42 per cent of deaths are caused by non-communicable diseases and nearly 35 per cent deaths are caused by four particular NCDs: cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes mellitus.
• Non-communicable diseases cause 63 per cent of deaths globally and nearly 80 per cent occur in low and middle income countries
• Adopting proper lifestyle, quitting alcohol and tobacco use, regular physical exercises and proper diet containing lots of fruit and vegetables can prevent NCD risk factors
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