Will These Sustainable Development Goals Do the Job?

Aug 6th, 2014 | By | Category: Advocacy, International Agencies, News

MDG boy with stingray in IndonesiaThe Guardian: The UN working group responsible for crafting the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has handed down its final proposal, adding a goal to address domestic and global inequality.

The recommendations include 17 goals and 169 targets to be achieved by 2030. The list includes a reworking of the eight millennium development goals that expire next year, such as eradicating poverty and hunger, improving education, and achieving gender equality, as well as new goals on water and sanitation, affordable energy, safer cities and climate change. The recommendations will be shared with the UN general assembly (UNGA) next month for members to debate the goals, which will be universal. The UNGA is expected to adopt the new set of goals in September 2015.

The proposed SDGs

  1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture
  3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all
  5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
  7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation
  10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development.

The targets include eradicating extreme poverty – defined as people living on less than $1.25 a day – and halving the number of people living in poverty according to national definitions.

On hunger, the goals call for doubling agricultural productivity and the incomes of small-scale farmers. The health targets include ending preventable deaths of newborns and children under five years old.

The final proposal received varied responses, including praise for a more extensive list of goals and disappointment at the relegation of issues including governance and land rights.

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