Kenya is to release its initial findings from monitoring the effectiveness and development impacts of its efforts to adapt to climate change. The country has been one of several countries that have been testing a new framework and tools that aim to ensure that adaptation and development work in tandem.
Developed by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and partners ‘tracking adaptation and measuring development’ (TAMD) provide governments tools and frameworks to track their progress and ensure their efforts to address climate change are effective in the long term.
Experts say adapting to climate change could have very real impacts on development plans, not least because of the costs involved and that there is a risk that nations will spend money on adaptation projects without ensuring that these also contribute to long-term development.
“Our experience with testing TAMD in Kenya has been extremely interesting and has served as an eye-opener to the Isiolo County government technical team and ward level partners,” says Irene Karani, director of LTS Africa. “TAMD has demystified relatively new terms such as ‘adaptation’ and ‘resilience’ which were being used only in relation to climate change and not development.”
Karani said these terms were also not well understood at the sub-national and local levels. However, she adds that the TAMD approach is robust, dynamic and emphasises the need to keep track of development in order to enhance resilience at all levels.
“In addition adaptation interventions can also lead to climate proofed development outcomes. In this regard the meaning of the two terms have ceased to be technical jargon, and the partners we are working with at the county and community levels are able to articulate and design indicators that can measure development and adaptive capacities with the TAMD framework within their own contexts. TAMD has been integrated into the national climate change monitoring system and into the Isiolo County Integrated Development Plan. This for us has been a major achievement,” she said.
The other nations that have begun to implement the ‘tracking adaptation and measuring development’ approach are Ethiopia, Pakistan, Mozambique, Cambodia and Nepal.
Each will send representatives to the meeting in Kenya so they can exchange information on how they have been using the TAMD approach, develop plans to consolidate it, and learn things from other countries that they can apply at home.
They will also hear about Kenya’s National Adaptation Plan and county-level adaptation funds, through meetings with government officials and visits to local projects.
Researchers will attend the meeting to present progress reports on work in each country and discuss technical issues that arise from TAMD work.
“The TAMD framework and tools are flexible enough for each participating country to adapt them to their own context and challenges,” says Susannah Fisher, a researcher at IIED. “We hope these countries will build on their experiences of TAMD and integrate the approach into their national and local planning frameworks. This will help them to better manage investments in adaptation whilst supporting social and economic development.”
Started in year 2010, ‘Climate Himalaya’ initiative has been working on Mountains and Climate linked issues in the Himalayan region of South Asia. In the last five years this knowledge sharing portal has become one of the important references for the governments, research institutions, civil society groups and international agencies, those have work and interest in the Himalayas. The Climate Himalaya team innovates on knowledge sharing, capacity building and climatic adaptation aspects in its focus countries like Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Climate Himalaya’s thematic areas of work are mountain ecosystem, water, forest and livelihood. Read>>