ClimateAdaptAsia: Determinants and Effectiveness of Local-Level Adaptation to Climate Change: Case Studies of Two
Bangladesh ministries, including the ministries of agriculture, environment and forest, water, health, rural development, food and disaster management, children and women affairs, relevant departments and NGOs have been implementing a number of local level adaptation (LLA) projects with their limited resources and capacity in response to the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategies and Action Plan (BCCSAP).
Already known as a pioneering country in the field of LLA, Bangladesh recognizes the growing interest in approaches, determinants, planning and implementation processes and effectiveness of LLA among policy makers, practitioners, researchers, development agencies, and vulnerable communities. In particular, there is a strong need for updated information and knowledge on climate change trends, risks and vulnerability of human and ecological systems; adaptation options and technologies; planning, implementation, and evaluation of LLA. It is also important to obtain in depth knowledge and understanding of various local and external factors that govern LLA and its effectiveness.
The Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP), a UNEP collaboration centre located in the Asian Institute of Technology, entrusted to the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) the task of conducting an in-depth research into the determinants and effectiveness of local-level adaptation to climate change as part of an initiative called the Regional Climate Change Adaptation Knowledge Platform for Asia (AKP).
Thirteen countries were identified as focal countries for the AKP’s first three years of operation. Among these, Bangladesh was recognized as the most advanced in terms of its efforts to mainstream adaptation into overall development planning. The focus of the country’s activities for 2010–2011 reflects this approach, with efforts to strengthen existing processes, and to learn lessons from the Bangladesh experience that is of generic significance. There was a special thrust on supporting the existing community level adaptation activities, especially those of NGOs.
Further consultations among AKP partners and stakeholders in Bangladesh brought to the fore the need for research on factors that influence and determine the effectiveness of LLA. The primary aim of the research was to better understand how the local conditions and external factors determine the effectiveness of local-level adaptation initiatives.
The specific objectives include:
- Investigating the existing knowledge on various characteristics of and factors influencing LLA,and its effectiveness;
- Investigating the context-specific factors that determine the effectiveness of local level adaptation initiatives undertaken in Bangladesh; and
- Verification of the findings of these activities with national and local stakeholders.
Started in year 2010, ‘Climate Himalaya’ initiative has been working on Mountains and Climate linked issues in the Himalayan region of South Asia. In the last five years this knowledge sharing portal has become one of the important references for the governments, research institutions, civil society groups and international agencies, those have work and interest in the Himalayas. The Climate Himalaya team innovates on knowledge sharing, capacity building and climatic adaptation aspects in its focus countries like Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Climate Himalaya’s thematic areas of work are mountain ecosystem, water, forest and livelihood. Read>>