India Climate Mission: An kind of analysis of India’s NAPCC and its sub mission called Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem Mission. The following text contains the part of NMSHE part only. For other details you may like to get the document from source website.
Goals and Targets
The mission recognises that ecosystem goods and services from the Himalayas support a vast number of people and provides food and water security. It acknowledges the importance of participatory approaches and community-based management. While the mission acknowledges that the Himalayas are not homogenous, substantial micro-level issues are not given due attention; for example, the mission does not look at controlling the practice of shifting cultivation in the North-East, which would be important in reducing emissions. Details are also not provided for important issues such as the Himalayan forests and rivers.
Consistency with NAPCC Principles
The mission could have paid more attention to dam structures, which are an increasing threat to the vulnerable and poor. Black carbon issues, of special importance in the Himalayas, and the problem of degraded Himalayanforests receive scant attention. New and innovative market and voluntary mechanisms, including carbon credits and carbon markets are largely absent.
The development of appropriate renewable energy strategies for the Himalayas, such as providing solar cookers and subsidising LPG1 for local use should have been included. Sustainable hydropower development based on optimization of water use should also have been promoted. A systematic approach to combine traditional practices with modern technology is needed to promote sustainable development in the region and such an emphasis is missing. In Nepal for example, sustainable hydropower through micro-hydro plants has promoted an industry of skilled blacksmiths and ironsmiths who build and maintain these plants.
A centre of excellence for glacier research is a good idea and capacity can be built over time. Setting up a database on existing research outputs on the Himalayas is also very useful. The mission could have included setting up automated climate towers across the Himalayas, which although expensive, would have generated good data.
The primary attention in glaciology with insufficient attention to research on other ecosystems many of them quite unique to the Himalayas. Research in other areas covering precipitation, meteorology and hydrology would have been a valuable addition. Micro-climates are also not well documented at present and meteorological modeling on weather patterns in the Eastern Himalayas would have been a critical addition to the mission. The research discussed is limited to government institutions and should have included individuals, CSOs2 and others with local knowledge and understanding. It is imperative that existing universities in the Himalayan region are revitalised and the quality of research and teaching improved.
Successful local institutions such as Van panchayats and the Jhumsa….geographical area in the Himalayas better than the proposed institutional arrangement.
Funding towards sustainability in the Himalayas will be an investment in the future security of water, food and industrial growth, and should not be viewed simply as a contribution to address climate change. The funds set aside seem adequate for the initial 5 years of research and strategy development, but may fall short for implementation. Furthermore, allocation among the 12 Himalayan states is not very clear.
Collaborations & Partnerships
Opportunities for leveraging funds are not provided, but will be essential. The Indian economy is highly dependent..on water from the Himalayas, and the issue should be taken up for international funding as well. The Himalayas are a shared mountain range, and this would have been a good opportunity for India, with its good economy and such as migration, which will become paramount as warming impacts intensify. A solid database could potentially contribute to better preparedness for international opportunities such as REDD+1.
Potential Barriers to Implementation
States have a high level of knowledge but low involvement, so while climate change may be a national priority, it may not be a major issue for states. Fragmented authority may come in the way of a good monitoring and ac-…ecosystems will need to be resolved.
The Expert Committee set up for the preparation of a Detailed Project Report (DPR) on the proposed National Centre for Himalayan Glaciology has submitted its report.2 A Kailash landscape protection project has been initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) in collaboration with China, Nepal, International Centreor Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on 9th April 2010.3 A document titled ‘Governance for Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem: Guidelines and Best Practices (G-SHE)’ was released in September 2009.4
Started in year 2010, ‘Climate Himalaya’ initiative has been working on the mountain and climate related issues in the Himalayan region of South Asia. In the last two years this knowledge sharing portal has become one of the important references for the governments, research institutions, civil society groups and international agencies, those have work and interest in Himalayas. The Climate Himalaya team innovates on knowledge sharing, capacity building and climatic adaptation aspects in its focus countries like Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Climate Himalaya’s thematic areas of work are mountain ecosystem, water, forest and livelihood. Read>>