Times of India: IIT-Madras, Institute for Financial Management and Research academics review India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change
The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture does not address the needs and challenges of marginal and poor farmers, finds a new study by academics from IIT Madras and IFMR’s Centre for Development Finance. The document, titled ‘An Evaluation of India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)’ offers such insight into the country’s eight climate missions.
Professor Sudhir Chella Rajan of IIT Madras and professor Sujatha Byravan have attempted to develop a broad stroke analysis of India’s climate missions of the National Action Plan on Climate Change through. The study evaluates the design of the National Solar Mission, National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission for a Green India, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, and the National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change.
Professor Sudhir Chella Rajan said, “Climate change could very well turn out to be India’s biggest development challenge in the 21st century. The NAPCC missions are therefore of paramount importance in the policy domain and accordingly need to be subject to review and revision as necessary. ”
The study aims to provide policy makers, academics and researchers, civil society groups and others a snapshot of the missions as perceived by the experts in the country at this time. It is hoped that the inputs would enable the government to make appropriate corrections when they undertake mid-stream reviews. The results of the study are also expected to be useful to the future design of climate policy in specific areas in the country.
Lead author of the report professor Sujatha Byravan said, “Climate change is a problem that will be here with us for a very long time and these missions are India’s initial attempt at setting climate policy. We hope the missions will remain dynamic and responsive to recommendations from experts and lessons from implementation. Mid-stream corrections will have to be made and incorporated into future Plan documents.”
The study is based on interviews of experts, and presents issues relating to the design of the mission documents, identifies the tensions that run through them, the key strengths, challenges and weaknesses of individual missions as evaluated by the experts. The authors have also prepared detailed assessment cards for each mission, elaborating the goals and targets of the mission, their consistency with the principles set by the prime minister’s council, technology features, research and development, institutional arrangements, financial instruments, collaborations and partnerships, and potential barriers to implementation.
Adding to the assessment of the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture’s action plan, the report said that there is some recognition of the problems the country faces and understanding of how these will be exacerbated by climate change. However, “the entire approach appears to be similar to past policies without recognition of the urgency of the problems in the agriculture sector,” the report added.
Started in year 2010, ‘Climate Himalaya’ initiative has been working on the mountain and climate related issues in the Himalayan region of South Asia. In the last two years this knowledge sharing portal has become one of the important references for the governments, research institutions, civil society groups and international agencies, those have work and interest in Himalayas. The Climate Himalaya team innovates on knowledge sharing, capacity building and climatic adaptation aspects in its focus countries like Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Climate Himalaya’s thematic areas of work are mountain ecosystem, water, forest and livelihood. Read>>