WRI: This working paper provides regular updates of the Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PPs) and National Programme Documents (NPDs) submitted by REDD+ Country Participants to the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and to the United Nations’ Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD).
The World Bank administered Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and the UN Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) are two leading multilateral efforts currently supporting developing countries to become ready to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhance forest carbon stocks (REDD+). This working paper is the ninth in a series of regular updates reviewing the Readiness Preparation Proposals (R-PPs) submitted by REDD+ Country Participants to the FCPF and the National Programme Documents (NPDs) submitted by UN-REDD Programme countries to the UN-REDD Programme. The analysis is based on a desktop review of each R-PP and NPD in order to understand how countries are considering fundamental issues of forest governance during the readiness phase. We assess whether the documents identify major governance challenges contributing to forest loss, and whether they apply principles of transparency, accountability, participation, and coordination to the development of REDD+ institutions, systems, and plans.
The 8th meeting of the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board and the 11th meeting of the FCPF Participants Committee will be held in Asunción, Paraguay, from 25-26 March and 28-30 March, respectively. This paper evaluates R-PPs from Guatemala and Mozambique submitted for formal consideration by the FCPF Participants Committee. It also reviews NPDs from Republic of Congo and Sri Lanka, which will be considered for funding by the Policy Board. Analyses of previously submitted R-PPs and NPDs can be accessed online at: http://www.wri.org/publication/getting-ready.
OBJECTIVE FOR REVIEWING R-PPs AND NPDs
The R-PPs and NPDs are only a first step to becoming ready for REDD+; however, these documents are more likely to help countries to become ready if they provide a robust foundation for a comprehensive and systematic approach to tackling critical governance challenges as readiness activities proceed. Therefore, our analysis documents the extent to which governance issues are addressed within each R-PP or NPD, identifies gaps, and makes recommendations for how the analysis of governance issues could be strengthened. This analysis does not purport to assess the quality or appropriateness of the strategies outlined in the R-PPs and NPDs, or whether they are likely to be successful. The analysis is also not intended to replace assessments undertaken by domestic stakeholders with in-depth knowledge of each country. Rather, it aims to assess—in general terms—the extent to which the strategies outlined in R-PPs and NPDs address key aspects of governance as measured against a consistent set of criteria. We do this to identify gaps and discern broader trends across countries and over time. Our analysis is based solely on the information presented in the R-PPs and NPDs and does not assess the accuracy or credibility of this information.
THE IMPORTANCE OF FOREST GOVERNANCE TO THE REDD+ READINESS PROCESS
Strengthening forest governance will be an essential component of the activities implemented by countries seeking to achieve significant and lasting emission reductions through REDD+. Poor forest governance is often characterized by weak capacity to manage natural resources, lack of decision-maker accountability to impacted stakeholders, and lack of public access to information about the status and use of forest resources. Potential drivers of deforestation and forest degradation—such as illegal logging, unplanned forest conversion, and conflicts over access to land and resources—are often symptoms of weak forest governance. To develop effective national REDD+ strategies, governments need to better understand these challenges and develop measures to strengthen forest governance in ways that build the trust of domestic and international stakeholders.
Furthermore, when building national REDD+ programs, governments must designate institutions to manage REDD+ activities and develop systems for monitoring, information sharing, and revenue management. Strengthening the capacity of existing institutions to design and implement effective, efficient, and equitable systems through transparent and inclusive decision‐making processes will therefore be an important part of the readiness phase. Promoting foundations of good governance will enhance society’s capacity to manage the drivers of deforestation, safeguard against adverse social and environmental impacts, and advance broader sustainable development goals.
Most Recent Version, March 2012 (PDF, 20 pages, 1.1 Mb)
For an explanation of the method for reviewing R-PPs and NPDs, please refer to the working paper.
R-PPs submitted to the FCPF
- Argentina, R-PP June 2010 (PDF, 3 pages, 494 Kb)
- Costa Rica, R-PP June 2010 (PDF, 3 pages, 437 Kb)
- Cambodia, R-PP March 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 362 Kb)
- Central African Republic, R-PP September 2011 (PDF, 2 pages, 56 Kb)
- Colombia, R-PP September 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 313 Kb)
- Democratic Republic of Congo, R-PP March 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 236 Kb)
- Ghana, R-PP January 2010 (PDF, 5 pages, 259 Kb)
- Guatemala, R-PP March 2012 (PDF, 4 pages, 313 Kb)
- Guyana, R-PP April 2010 (PDF, 3 pages, 183 Kb)
- Ethiopia, R-PP March 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 397 Kb)
- Indonesia, R-PP May 2009 (PDF, 3 pages, 235 Kb)
- Kenya, R-PP June, 2010 (PDF, 3 pages, 449 Kb)
- Lao P.D.R, R-PP October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 452 Kb)
- Liberia, R-PP May 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 61 Kb)
- Madagascar, R-PP October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 449 Kb)
- Mexico, R-PP February 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 239 Kb)
- Mozambique, R-PP March 2012 (PDF, 4 pages, 311 Kb)
- Nepal, R-PP April 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 250 Kb)
- Panama, R-PP May 2009 (PDF, 5 pages, 255 Kb)
- Peru, R-PP March 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 324 Kb)
- Republic of Congo, R-PP April, 2010 (PDF, 3 pages, 437 Kb)
- Suriname, R-PP January 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 196 Kb)
- Tanzania, R-PP October 2010 (PDF, 5 pages, 478 Kb)
- Uganda, R-PP May 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 60 Kb)
- Vietnam, R-PP March 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 375 Kb)
NPDs submitted to UN-REDD
- Cambodia, NPD October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 450 Kb)
- Ecuador, NPD March 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 321 Kb)
- Papua New Guinea, NPD October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 458 Kb)
- Nigeria, NPD October, 2011 (PDF, 4 pages, 73 Kb)
- Paraguay, NPD October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 445 Kb)
- Philippines, NPD October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 433 Kb)
- Solomon Islands, NPD October 2010 (PDF, 4 pages, 435 Kb)
- Sri Lanka, NPD March 2012 (PDF, 4 pages, 309 Kb)
- Republic of Congo, NPD March 2012 (PDF, 4 pages, 351 Kb)
Previous Versions of this Working Paper
- October 2011 (PDF, 16 pages, 805 Kb)
- June 2011 (PDF, 12 pages, 191 Kb)
- March 2011 (PDF, 25 pages, 1.1 Mb)
- November 2010 (PDF, 46 pages, 4.5 Mb)
- July 2010 (PDF, 28 pages, 1.1 Mb)
- March 2010 (PDF, 34 pages, 679 Kb)
- Nov 2009 (PDF, 21 pages, 555 Kb)
- July 2009 (PDF, 32 pages, 352 Kb)
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