Climate Change Publications and COP 17

Dec 21st, 2011 | By | Category: Advocacy, Capacity Development, CoP17, News, Publication, UNFCCC

GIZ: As we prepare the last edition of the newsletter for this year, COP 17 in Durban and its protracted finale are still very fresh in our minds. All of us who witnessed the summit were quite relieved when it did – two days after the scheduled end – finally yield the agreement of a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, a roadmap for a universal legal agreement, and the Green Climate Fund.

As in recent summits, adaptation to climate change received ever increasing attention: governments agreed to establish an Adaptation Committee and decided on guidelines for the formulation of National Adaptation Plans. It has also become obvious that ‘bottom up’ and bilateral approaches can achieve a great deal and add momentum to the international process. Encouraging things are happening at country level in Mexico, South Africa and Indonesia, to name just a few. As the new head of the GIZ Competence Centre for Climate Change, I am glad I had the opportunity to see this.

Other special topics in this newsletter include insights from Christiane Textor from the German IPCC Coordination Office on the newly published IPCC Special Report that looks at disaster risk management and adaptation. Annette Windmeisser of BMZ´s Climate Policy and Climate Financing division provides an update on the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience.

Recent Publications

  1. Adaptation to climate change with a focus on rural areas and India.’ Published by GIZ India. October 2011. Download (PDF, 5.9 MB)
  2. ‘Adaptation to climate change. Cooperation with developing countries – climate and development.’ Published by KfW Entwicklungsbank and DEG (Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft). June 2011. Download (PDF, 1.7 MB)
  3. ‘Responsibility for climate and development. Cooperation with developing countries.’ Published by KfW Entwicklungsbank. September 2011. Download (PDF, 377 kB)
  4. ‘Innovative climate finance – examples from the UNEP Bilateral Finance Institutions Climate Change Working Group (BFI CCWG).’ Published by UNEP. 2011. Download (PDF, 848 kB)
  5. ‘Bilateral finance institutions and climate change – a mapping of public financial flows for mitigation and adaptation to developing countries in 2010.’ Published by UNEP. Download (PDF, 608 kB)
  6. ‘World in transition. A social contract for sustainability.’ Published by the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU). 2011. Download (PDF, 4.8 MB)
  7. ‘The Adaptation Fund of the Kyoto Protocol: A model for financing adaptation to climate change?’. Horstmann, Britta and Chandani-Abeysinghe, Achala (2011): Climate Law 2(3): 1-23. Available upon request from mailto:climate@giz.de.

 

Adaptation policy and Finance

COP 17: Roadmap for global climate agreement decided
In the early hours of 11 December, the UN Climate Change Conference in Durban, South Africa, concluded with the adoption of the ‘Durban Platform,’ a roadmap for a global climate agreement. A new group called the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action will start working on a universal legal agreement to be adopted by 2015 and implemented from 2020. Until then, the Kyoto Protocol will remain in force: governments agreed on a second commitment period starting in 2013.

During the conference, progress was made on many issues related to adaptation. The Adaptation Committee, designed to improve the coordination of adaptation activities on a global scale, has been established and will become fully operational in 2012. Furthermore, governments have started to make voluntary pledges for the start-up of the Green Climate Fund.

The next UNFCCC Climate Change Conference will take place in Qatar in 2012.

Further information is available at:

http://unfccc.int/meetings/durban_nov_2011/meeting/6245.php


COP 17: Adaptation Committee established

Climate negotiators at the UNFCCC Climate Change Conference in Durban have agreed to operationalise the Adaptation Committee. The role of this committee, which was part of the Cancun Adaptation Framework, is to promote enhanced action on adaptation in a coherent manner. It will bring together approaches and experiences under and outside of the Convention and make recommendations for strengthening adaptation activities. The Adaptation Committee is composed of 16 members and will report to the COP on its efforts to improve the coordination on adaptation on a global scale. The EU is represented by the Netherlands and Austria. A three-year working programme will be forwarded to the next COP. The Adaptation Committee is a technical body, with meetings scheduled at least twice a year. If required, it can establish working groups.

Further information at:

http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/durban_nov_2011/… (Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention, Download (PDF, 400 kB))


COP 17: National Adaptation Plans

One of the results of COP 17 was that adaptive capacities, particularly those of the poorest and most vulnerable countries, are to be strengthened. National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) will allow developing countries to assess and reduce their vulnerability to climate change, and to integrate adaptation into relevant planning.

In Durban, governments adopted initial guidelines for the formulation of National Adaptation Plans by least developed country parties. Apart from National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs), they will support national processes designed to improve strategic orientation, effectiveness and integration of adaptation into planning processes. Support will be given through existing instruments of the Convention, such as the expertise of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group. Relevant bodies, including regional organisations and development cooperation agencies, are invited to contribute to this process.

Further information at:

http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/durban_nov_2011/… (Draft decision on National Adaptation Plans, Download (PDF, 148 kB))


COP 17: Green Climate Fund launched

In Durban, the Green Climate Fund was launched. The conference welcomed the report of the Transitional Committee for the design of the fund and approved a governing instrument that establishes operational procedures. The Fund will have different thematic funding windows, initially for mitigation and adaptation, with balanced allocation of resources, as well as a private sector facility. Recipient countries can access resources either directly, through national implementing entities, or via accredited international entities. The fund will be governed by a Board composed of an equal number of members from developing and developed country Parties. To ensure the functioning of the Green Climate Fund, the COP invites Parties to express interest in hosting it and submit their nominations for members of the Board. Germany has already announced it will prepare an application.

For 2012 and 2013, Germany will provide EUR 40 million to facilitate the fund’s start-up phase. The text of the decision on the launch of the Green Climate Fund can be downloaded at:

http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/durban_nov_2011/… (Draft decision on Green Climate Fund, Download (PDF, 188 kB)

Source: News on adaptation to climate change from and for the development community. From the GIZ Climate Protection Programme on behalf of BMZ. With contributions from KfW and DIE. Issue No. 12 December 2011 Internet: www.giz.de

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