Environmental Performance and Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Case Study

Nov 12th, 2011 | By | Category: Adaptation, Bangladesh, Capacity Development, Climatic Changes in Himalayas, Development and Climate Change, Disasters and Climate Change, Ecosystem Functions, Environment, India, Information and Communication, International Agencies, Lessons, Nepal, News, Opinion, Pakistan, Publication, Research, Resilience

CLIMATE 2011: Relatively little scholarly work has focused on comparative evaluation of South Asian countries’ environmental performance (EP) in addressing issues of vulnerability to climate change. It is an accepted fact that climate change induced problems in South Asia have been increasing over many years, but their effects largely have been blamed on extreme poverty and uncontrolled population growth.

Scholarly works and government reports indicate that the countries individually and collectively are aware of the severity of climate change impacts and have taken some initiatives aimed at adaptation and mitigation.

However, it is still unknown how effective those initiatives are and how they are being implemented. This research broadly examines these countries’ EP by modeling a comparative matrix in the global as well as in the regional context.

The author is interested in how India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan actually engage in addressing environmental severity induced by the climate change. This research utilizes (plot) various years’ data from the public domain, e.g., Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI); Environmental Performance Index (EPI). EP is presented in the framework of comparative scores on (1) environmental burden of disease; (2) water resources for human health; (3) air quality for human health; (4) air quality for ecosystems; (5) water resources for ecosystems; (6) biodiversity and habitat; (7) forestry; (8) fisheries; (9) agriculture; and (10) climate change respectively.

The specific findings of this research will reflect on the efforts of the respective countries and also provide an opportunity to evaluate the cause of success or failure.

Author: Medani P. Bhandari Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs  302 Maxwell Hall Syracuse University, Syracuse NY 13244, USA

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Started in year 2010, ‘Climate Himalaya’ initiative has been working on Mountains and Climate linked issues in the Himalayan region of South Asia. In the last five years this knowledge sharing portal has become one of the important references for the governments, research institutions, civil society groups and international agencies, those have work and interest in the Himalayas. The Climate Himalaya team innovates on knowledge sharing, capacity building and climatic adaptation aspects in its focus countries like Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Climate Himalaya’s thematic areas of work are mountain ecosystem, water, forest and livelihood. Read>>

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